Bibliography

Page Last modified 17 Nov 2017
20 min read
< Previous: 8. Trends and projections in Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland and Turkey. Table of contents > Next: Abbreviations

 

Council of the European Union, 2007, Brussels European Council 8/9 March 2007, Presidency Conclusions, 7224/1/07, Council of the European Union (http://www.consilium.europa.eu/ueDocs/cms_Data/docs/pressData/en/ec/93135.pdf) accessed 29 September 2014.

EC, 2006, Communication from the Commission 'Action plan for energy efficiency: realising the potential' (COM(2006) 545 final of 19 October 2006) (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/HTML/?uri=CELEX:52006DC0545&from=EN) accessed 8 September 2015.

EC, 2007, Communication from the Commission to the Council, the European Parliament, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions 'Limiting global climate change to 2 degrees Celsius. The way ahead for 2020 and beyond' (COM(2007) 2 final of 10 January 2007) (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2007:0002:FIN:EN:PDF) accessed 30 June 2014.

EC, 2008, European energy and transport, trends to 2030, update 2007, European Commission, Brussels (http://ec.europa.eu/energy/observatory/trends_2030/doc/trends_to_2030_update_2007.pdf) accessed 15 August 2014.

EC, 2011a, Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions 'Energy Roadmap 2050' (COM(2011) 885/2 of 15 December 2011) (http://ec.europa.eu/energy/energy2020/roadmap/doc/com_2011_8852_en.pdf) accessed 15 August 2014.

EC, 2011b, Impact assessment accompanying the document 'Communication from the Commission to the Council, the European Parliament, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions: Energy roadmap 2050', Commission Staff Working Paper SEC(2011) 1565/2 Part 1/2 (https://ec.europa.eu/energy/sites/ener/files/documents/sec_2011_1565_part1.pdf) accessed 30 July 2015.

EC, 2011c, Impact assessment accompanying the document 'Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions. Energy Roadmap 2050', Commission Staff Working Paper SEC(2011) 1565 Part 2/2 (https://ec.europa.eu/energy/sites/ener/files/documents/sec_2011_1565_part2.pdf) accessed 30 July 2015.

EC, 2013a, Elements of the Union greenhouse gas inventory system and the Quality Assurance and Control (QA/QC) programme, Commission Staff Working Document SWD(2013) 308 final (http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/strategies/progress/monitoring/docs/swd_2013_308_en.pdf) accessed 11 July 2017.

EC, 2013b, EU energy, transport and GHG emissions trends to 2050 (http://ec.europa.eu/transport/media/publications/doc/trends-to-2050-update-2013.pdf) accessed 27 May 2015.

EC, 2013c, 'National action plans' (http://ec.europa.eu/energy/renewables/action_plan_en.htm) accessed 4 July 2017.

EC, 2013d, 'Questions & Answers on EU ratification of the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol' (http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_MEMO-13-956_en.htm) accessed 30 July 2015.

EC, 2015a, Elements of the Union System for Policies and Measures and Projections and the Quality Assurance and Control (QA/QC) Programme as Required under Regulation (EU) No 525/2013.

EC, 2015b, Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee, the Committee of the Regions and the European Investment Bank 'Energy Union Package: A framework strategy for a resilient Energy Union with a forward-looking climate change policy' (COM(2015) 80 final of 25 February 2015) (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/resource.html?uri=cellar:1bd46c90-bdd4-11e4-bbe1-01aa75ed71a1.0001.03/DOC_1&format=PDF) accessed 30 July 2015.

EC, 2015c, 'National energy efficiency targets — Absolute level of energy consumption in 2020 (Mtoe) as notified from Member States in 2013, in the NEEAP 2014 or in a separate notification to the European Commission in 2015'(https://ec.europa.eu/energy/en/topics/energy-efficiency/energy-efficiency-directive) accessed 11 July 2017.

EC, 2015d, Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Directive 2003/87/EC to enhance cost-effective emission reductions and low-carbon investments(COM(2015) 337 final of 15 July 2015) (http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/ets/revision/docs/com_2015_337_en.pdf) accessed 28 July 2015.

EC, 2015e, Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European and Social Committee of the Regions and the European Investment Bank 'State of the Energy Union 2015' (COM(2015) 572 final of 18 November 2015).

EC, 2016a, A European Strategy for low-emission mobility(COM(2016) 501 final of 20 July 2016) (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/resource.html?uri=cellar:e44d3c21-531e-11e6-89bd-01aa75ed71a1.0002.02/DOC_1&format=PDF) accessed 4 July 2017.

EC, 2016b, Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee, the Committee of the Regions and the European Investment Bank 'Clean Energy For All Europeans' (COM(2016) 860 final of 30 November 2016)(https://ec.europa.eu/transparency/regdoc/rep/1/2016/EN/COM-2016-860-F1-EN-MAIN.PDF) accessed 19 July 2017.

EC, 2016c, 'Commission proposes new rules for consumer central clean energy transition' (https://ec.europa.eu/energy/en/news/commission-proposes-new-rules-consumer-centred-clean-energy-transition) accessed 19 July 2017.

EC, 2016d, EU reference scenario 2016 main results, European Commission, Brussels.

EC, 2016e, Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Directive 2012/27/EU on energy efficiency (COM(2016) 0761 final of 30 November 2016) (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?qid=1485938766830&uri=CELEX:52016PC0761) accessed 4 July 2017.

EC, 2016f, Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources (recast) (COM(2016)767 final/2 of 30 November 2016) (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/HTML/?uri=CELEX:52016PC0767R%2801%29&from=EN) accessed 22 June 2017.

EC, 2016g, Proposal for a Regulations of the European Parliament and of the Council on binding annual greenhouse gas emission reductions by Member States from 2021 to 2030 for a resilient Energy Union and to meet commitments under the Paris Agreement and amending Regulation No 525/2013 of the European Parliament and the Council on a mechanism for monitoring and reporting greenhouse gas emissions and other information relevant to climate change(COM(2016) 0482 final of 20 July 2016) (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:52016PC0482) accessed 31 August 2016.

EC, 2016h, Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the Governance of the Energy Union, amending Directive 94/22/EC, Directive 98/70/EC, Directive 2009/31/EC, Regulation (EC) No 663/2009, Regulation (EC) No 715/2009, Directive 2009/73/EC, Council Directive 2009/119/EC, Directive 2010/31/EU, Directive 2012/27/EU, Directive 2013/30/EU and Council Directive (EU) 2015/652 and repealing Regulation (EU) No 525/2013(COM(2016) 759 final of 30 November 2016) (http://ec.europa.eu/energy/sites/ener/files/documents/1_en_act_part1_v9_759.pdf) accessed 11 July 2017.

EC, 2016i, Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the inclusion of greenhouse gas emissions and removals from land use, land use change and forestry into the 2030 climate and energy framework and amending Regulation No 525/2013 of the European Parliament and the Council on a mechanism for monitoring and reporting greenhouse gas emissions and other information relevant to climate change. (COM/2016/0479 final of 20 July 2016) (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:52016PC0479) accessed 4 July 2017.

EC, 2017a, 2016 assessment of the progress made by Member States in 2014 towards the national energy efficiency targets for 2020 and towards the implementation of the Energy Efficiency Directive 2012/27/EU as required by Article 24 (3) of the Energy Efficiency Directive 2012/27/EU. Report from the Commission to the European Parliament and The Council (https://ec.europa.eu/commission/sites/beta-political/files/report-energy-efficiency-progress_en.pdf) accessed 17 July 2017.

EC, 2017b, Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2017/xxxx of xxxx on greenhouse gas emissions for each Member State for the year 2015 covered by Decision No 406/2009/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council  (https://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/effort/implementation_en#tab-0-1) accessed forthcoming.

EC, 2017c, Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee, the Committee of the Regions and the European Investment Bank 'Second Report of the state of the Energy Union' (COM/2017/053 final of 1 February 2017) (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=COM:2017:53:FIN) accessed 11 July 2017.

EC, 2017d,National energy efficiency action plans and annual reports (https://ec.europa.eu/energy/en/topics/energy-efficiency/energy-efficiency-directive/national-energy-efficiency-action-plans) accessed 11 July 2017.

EC, 2017e, 'National energy efficiency targets — Absolute level of energy consumption in 2020 (Mtoe) as notified from Member States in 2016, in the NEEAP 2016 or in a separate notification to the European Commission in 2016 and 2017' (https://ec.europa.eu/energy/en/topics/energy-efficiency/energy-efficiency-directive) accessed 19 July 2017.

EC, 2017f,Study on technical assistance in realisation of the 2016 Report on Renewable Energy, in preparation of the Renewable Energy Package for the period 2020-2030 in the European Union (https://ec.europa.eu/energy/sites/ener/files/documents/res-study_final_report_170227.pdf) accessed 5 September 2017.

EC, 2017g, Assessing progress towards the EU energy efficiency targets using index decomposition analysis,European Commission. (report forthcoming).

EEA, 2011, National renewable energy action plan (NREAP) data from Member States, European Environment Agency (https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/figures/national-renewable-energy-action-plan) accessed 17 November 2017.

EEA, 2014a, Energy support measures and their impact on innovation in the renewable energy sector in Europe, Technical Report No 21/2014 (http://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/energy-support-measures) accessed 19 July 2017.

EEA, 2014b, Trends and projections in Europe 2014, EEA Technical report 6/2014, European Environment Agency.

EEA, 2016, Trends and projections in Europe 2016, EEA Technical report 29/2016, European Environment Agency (https://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/trends-and-projections-in-europe) accessed 4 July 2017.

EEA, 2017a, Annual European Community greenhouse gas inventory 1990-2015 and inventory report 2017. EEA Report No 6/2017, European Environment Agency (https://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/european-union-greenhouse-gas-inventory-2017) accessed 4 July 2017.

EEA, 2017b, Approximated EU GHG inventory: Proxy GHG emission estimates for 2016,EEA Technical report 2017, European Environment Agency (https://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/approximated-eu-greenhouse-gas-inventory-2016) accessed 17 November 2017.

EEA, 2017c, 'EEA greenhouse gas data viewer' (http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/data-viewers/greenhouse-gases-viewer) accessed 4 July 2017.

EEA, 2017d, 'Eionet reporting obligations database (ROD) — Deliveries for projections' (http://rod.eionet.europa.eu/obligations/697/deliveries) accessed 4 July 2017.

EEA, 2017e, 'Energy intensity' (https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/total-primary-energy-intensity-3/assessment) accessed 19 July 2017.

EEA, 2017f, 'EU ETS data viewer' (http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/data-viewers/emissions-trading-viewer) accessed 4 July 2017.

EEA, 2017g, 'Final energy consumption by sector and fuel' (https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/final-energy-consumption-by-sector-9/assessment-1) accessed 19 July 2017.

EEA, 2017h, 'Primary energy consumption by fuel' (https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/primary-energy-consumption-by-fuel-6/assessment-1) accessed 19 July 2017.

EEA, 2017i, Renewable energy in Europe 2017. Recent growth and knock-on effects, EEA Technical Report, European Environment Agency (https://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/renewable-energy-in-europe-2017) accessed 26 June 2017.

EEA, 2017j, Renewable energy in Europe — 2017 Update. Recent growth and knock-on effects, EEA Technical Report, European Environment Agency (forthcoming).

EEA, 2017k, RES proxy, European Environment Agency (to be added) accessed to be added (forthcoming).

EEA, 2017l,Trends and projections in the EU ETS in 2017 — The EU Emissions Trading System in numbers.xxx (https://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/trends-and-projections-EU-ETS-2017) accessed xxx (forthcoming).

EU, 2008, Regulation (EC) No 1099/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 October 2008 on energy statistics (OJ L 304, 14.11.2008, p. 1-62) (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=CELEX%3A32008R1099) accessed 11 July 2017.

EU, 2009a, Directive 2009/29/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 amending Directive 2003/87/EC so as to improve and extend the greenhouse gas emission allowance trading scheme of the Community (OJ L 140, 5.6.2009, p. 63) (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2009:140:0063:0087:en:PDF) accessed 15 August 2014.

EU, 2009b, Directive 2008/101/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 November 2008 amending Directive 2003 87 EC so as to include aviation activities in the scheme for greenhouse gas emission allowance trading within the Community (OJ L 8, 13.01.2009, p. 3) (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2009:008:0003:0021:en:PDF) accessed 15 August 2014.

EU, 2009c, Decision No 406/2009/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the effort of Member States to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions to meet the Community's greenhouse gas emission reduction commitments up to 2020 (OJ L 140, 05.06.2009, p. 136) (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2009:140:0136:0148:EN:PDF) accessed 5 August 2014.

EU, 2009d, Directive 2009/28/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources and amending and subsequently repealing Directives 2001/77/EC and 2003/30/EC (OJ L 140, 05.06.2009, p. 16) (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32009L0028&from=EN) accessed 15 August 2014.

EU, 2009e, Directive 2009/30 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 amending Directive 98/70/EC as regards the specification of petrol, diesel and gas-oil and introducing a mechanism to monitor and reduce greenhouse gas emissions and amending Council Directive 1999/32/EC as regards the specification of fuel used by inland waterway vessels and repealing Directive 93/12/EEC (OJ L 140, 05.06.2009, p. 88) (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2009:140:0088:0113:EN:PDF) accessed 25 June 2014.

EU, 2009f, Regulation (EC) No 443/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 setting emission performance standards for new passenger cars as part of the Community's integrated approach to reduce CO2 emissions from light-duty vehicles (OJ L 140, 05.06.2009, p. 1) (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32009R0443&from=EN) accessed 15 August 2014.

EU, 2010a, Directive 2010/30/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 May 2010 on the indication by labelling and standard product information of the consumption of energy and other resources by energy-related products (recast) (OJ L 153, 18.06.2010, p. 1) (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32010L0030&from=EN) accessed 15 August 2014.

EU, 2010b, Directive 2010/31/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 May 2010 on the energy performance of buildings (recast) (OJ L 153, 18.06.2010, p. 13) (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2010:153:0013:0035:EN:PDF) accessed 14 August 2014.

EU, 2012, Directive 2012/27/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2012 on energy efficiency, amending Directives 2009/125/EC and 2010/30/EU and repealing Directives 2004/8/EC and 2006/32/EC (OJ L 315, 14.11.2012, p. 1) (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:32012L0027:EN:NOT) accessed 25 June 2014.

EU, 2013a, Commission Decision of 26 March 2013 on determining Member States' annual emission allocations for the period from 2013 to 2020 pursuant to Decision No 406/2009/EC (2013/162/EU) (OJ L 90, 28.3.2013, p. 106).

EU, 2013b, Commission Implementing Decision of 31 October 2013 on the adjustments to Member States' annual emission allocations for the period from 2013 to 2020 pursuant to Decision No 406/2009/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (2013/634/EU) (OJ L 292, 1.11.2013, p. 19) (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:32013D0634) accessed 15 August 2014.

EU, 2013c, Decision No 377/2013/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 April 2013 derogating temporarily from Directive 2003/87/EC establishing a scheme for greenhouse gas emission allowance trading within the Community (OJ L 113, 25.04.2013, p. 1) (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32013D0377&from=EN) accessed 19 August 2014.

EU, 2013d, Decision No 529/2013/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 May 2013 on accounting rules on greenhouse gas emissions and removals resulting from activities relating to land use, land-use change and forestry and on information concerning actions relating to those activities (OJ L 165, 18.06.2013, p. 80) (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32013D0529&from=EN) accessed 25 June 2014.

EU, 2013e, Regulation (EU) No 525/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 May 2013 on a mechanism for monitoring and reporting greenhouse gas emissions and for reporting other information at national and Union level relevant to climate change and repealing Decision No 280/2004/EC (2013/162/EU) (OJ L 165, 18.06.2013, p. 13) (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32013R0525&from=EN) accessed 14 August 2014.

EU, 2014a, Regulation (EU) No 333/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 March 2014 amending Regulation (EC) No 443/2009 to define the modalities for reaching the 2020 target to reduce CO2 emissions from new passenger cars (OJ L 103, 05.04.2014, p. 15) (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=uriserv%3AOJ.L_.2014.103.01.0015.01.ENG) accessed 11 July 2017.

EU, 2014b, Regulation (EU) No 421/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 April 2014 amending Directive 2003/87/EC establishing a scheme for greenhouse gas emission allowance trading within the Community, in view of the implementation by 2020 of an international agreement applying a single global market-based measure to international aviation emissions (OJ L 129, 30.04.2014, p. 1) (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32014R0421&from=EN) accessed 25 June 2014.

EU, 2014c, Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No 666/2014 of 12 March 2014 establishing substantive requirements for a Union inventory system and taking into account changes in the global warming potentials and internationally agreed inventory guidelines pursuant to Regulation (EU) No 525/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council (OJ L 179, 19.06.2014, p. 26) (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32014R0666&from=EN) accessed 18 August 2014.

EU, 2014d, Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 749/2014 of 30 June 2014 on structure, format, submission processes and review of information reported by Member States pursuant to Regulation (EU) No 525/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council (OJ L 203, 11.07.2014, p. 23) (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32014R0749&from=EN) accessed 18 August 2014.

EU, 2015a, Council Directive (EU) 2015/652 of 20 April 2015 laying down calculation methods and reporting requirements pursuant to Council Directive (EU) 2015/652 of 20 April 2015 laying down calculation methods and reporting requirements pursuant to Directive 98/70/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council relating to the quality of petrol and diesel fuels (OJ L 107/26, 20.04.2015, p. 26-67).

EU, 2015b, Directive (EU) 2015/1513 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 September 2015 amending Directive 98/70/EC relating to the quality of petrol and diesel fuels amending Directive 2009/28/EC on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources (OJ L 239/1, 09.09.2015, p. 1-29).

EU, 2016, Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2016/2132 of 5 December 2016 on greenhouse gas emissions for each Member State for the year 2013 covered by Decision No 406/2009/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=uriserv:OJ.L_.2016.331.01.0009.01.ENG&toc=OJ:L:2016:331:TOC) accessed 19 July 2017.

EU, 2017a, Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2017/1015 of 15 June 2017 on greenhouse gas emissions covered by Decision No 406/2009/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council for the year 2014 for each Member State (OJ L 153, 16.06.2017, p. 38-40) (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=CELEX:32017D1015) accessed 4 July 2017.

EU, 2017b, Commission Decision (EU) 2017/1471 of 10 August 2017 amending Decision 2013/162/EU to revise Member States' annual emission allocations for the period from 2017 to 2020' (OJ L 209, 12.08.2017, p. 53-55).

Euractiv, 2017. EU lawmakers back 40 % energy efficiency target for 2030. (http://www.euractiv.com/section/energy/news/meps-back-more-ambitious-energy-efficiency-target/), accessed 8 September 2017.

European Council, 2014, Conclusions on 2030 Climate and Energy Policy Framework, European Council, Brussels (http://www.consilium.europa.eu/uedocs/cms_data/docs/pressdata/en/ec/145397.pdf) accessed 9 September 2015.

European Council, 2017, Increased energy efficiency: ensuring progress towards EU's climate and energy goals, European Council, Brussels (http://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2017/06/26-increased-energy-efficiency/) accessed 19 July 2017.

Eurostat, 2017a, 'Final energy consumption, simplified energy balances — Annual data [nrg_100a], code B_101700' (http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/tgm/table.do?tab=table&init=1&language=en&pcode=tsdcc320&plugin=1) accessed 11 July 2017.

Eurostat, 2017b, 'Final non-energy consumption, simplified energy balances — Annual data [nrg_100a], code B_101600' (http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/tgm/table.do?tab=table&init=1&language=en&pcode=tsdcc320&plugin=1http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/tgm/table.do?tab=table&init=1&language=en&pcode=tsdcc320&plugin=1) accessed 11 July 2017.

Eurostat, 2017c, 'Gross inland energy consumption, simplified energy balances — Annual data [nrg_100a], code B_100900' (http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/tgm/table.do?tab=table&init=1&language=en&pcode=tsdcc320&plugin=1) accessed 11 July 2017.

Eurostat, 2017d, 'SHARES 2015 results' (http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/energy/data/shares) accessed 4 July 2017.

Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy, 2017, 'Zypries vereinbart im Rahmen des Deutsch-Französischen Ministerrats konkrete Fortschritte in der Zusammenarbeit' (http://www.bmwi.de/Redaktion/DE/Pressemitteilungen/2017/20170713-zypries-deutsch-franzoesischer-ministerrat.html) accessed 19 July 2017.

Groenenberg, H., 2012, Understanding the full impact of the Energy Efficiency Directive, Ecofys (http://www.ecofys.com/en/blog/the-energy-efficiency-directive-save-energy-create-jobs-and-compete) accessed 26 August 2014.

Iceland, 2015, Iceland's Intended Nationally Determined Contribution.

Iceland, 2016, 'National Inventory Report: Emissions of greenhouse gases in Iceland from 1990 to 2014' (http://unfccc.int/national_reports/annex_i_ghg_inventories/national_inventories_submissions/items/10116.php) accessed 11 July 2017.

IEA, 2016, Energy policies of IEA countries — Switzerland 2012 review, International Energy Agency (https://www.iea.org/countries/membercountries/switzerland) accessed 17 July 2017.

IPCC, 1996, Climate change 1995: The science of climate change — Contribution of Working Group I to the Second Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change,Cambridge University Press, Cambridge and New York.

IPCC, 2007, Climate change 2007: The physical science basis — Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change,Cambridge University Press, Cambridge and New York.

Joint Research Centre, 2015, The impact of biofuels on transport and the environment, and their connection with agricultural development in Europe (http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/STUD/2015/513991/IPOL_STU%282015%29513991_EN.pdf) accessed 30 July 2015.

Liechtenstein, 2015, Liechtenstein's Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC).

Liechtenstein, 2016, 'Liechtenstein's greenhouse gas inventory 1990-2014: National Inventory Report 2016' (http://unfccc.int/national_reports/annex_i_ghg_inventories/national_inventories_submissions/items/10116.php) accessed 11 July 2017.

Norway, 2015, Norway's Intended Nationally Determined Contribution.

Norway, 2017, 'Greenhouse gas emissions 1990-2014: National Inventory Report' (http://unfccc.int/national_reports/annex_i_ghg_inventories/national_inventories_submissions/items/10116.php) accessed 11 July 2017.

Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate, 2017, 'Home page' (https://www.nve.no/english/) accessed 21 August 2017.

Odysee-Mure, 2015, Monitoring of energy efficiency trends and policies in the EU.

PV Magazine, 2016, 'Germany launches first cross-border PV auction with Denmark' (https://www.pv-magazine.com/2016/10/12/germany-launches-first-cross-border-pv-auction-with-denmark_100026478/) accessed 19 July 2017.

Swedish Energy Agency, 2017, 'The Electricity Certificate System' (http://www.energimyndigheten.se/en/sustainability/the-electricity-certificate-system/) accessed 23 August 2017.

Switzerland, 2015, Switzerland's intended nationally determined contribution (INDC) and clarifying information.

Switzerland, 2016, 'Switzerland's greenhouse gas inventory 1990-2014: National Inventory Report' (http://unfccc.int/national_reports/annex_i_ghg_inventories/national_inventories_submissions/items/10116.php) accessed 11 July 2017.

Turkey, 2015, Intended nationally determined contribution in accordance with decisions 1/CP.19 and 1/CP.20.

Turkey, 2016, 'National greenhouse gas inventory report 1990-2014' (http://unfccc.int/national_reports/annex_i_ghg_inventories/national_inventories_submissions/items/10116.php) accessed 11 July 2017.

UBA, 2014, Best-practice cost rates for air pollutants, transport, power generation and heat generation, UBA, Dessau-Roßlau.

UNFCCC, 1998, Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/convkp/kpeng.pdf) accessed 25 June 2014.

UNFCCC, 2006, Decision 16/CMP.1 Land use, land-use change and forestry.

UNFCCC, 2012a, Decision 2/CMP.7: Land use, land-use change and forestry, FCCC/KP/CMP/2011/10/Add.1 (http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/2011/cmp7/eng/10a01.pdf) accessed 25 June 2014.

UNFCCC, 2012b, Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol (http://unfccc.int/files/kyoto_protocol/application/pdf/kp_doha_amendment_english.pdf) accessed 25 June 2014.

UNFCCC, 2013a, Decision 24/CP.19 — Revision of the UNFCCC reporting guidelines on annual inventories for Parties included in Annex I to the Convention (http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/2013/cop19/eng/10a03.pdf) accessed 11 July 2017.

UNFCCC, 2013b, Quantified economy-wide emission reduction targets by developed country Parties to the Convention: assumptions, conditions, commonalities and differences in approaches and comparison of the level of emission reduction efforts, FCCC/TP/2013/7.

< Previous: 8. Trends and projections in Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland and Turkey. Table of contents > Next: Abbreviations

Related content

Related indicators

Related publications

See also

European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100