Climate change mitigation - Drivers and pressures (Netherlands)

SOER 2010 Common environmental theme (Deprecated)
This is an old version, kept for reference only.

Go to latest version
This page was archived on 21 Mar 2015 with reason: A new version has been published
SOER Common environmental theme from Netherlands
Published: 26 Nov 2010 Modified: 11 May 2020

National and sectoral greenhouse gas emissions

Figure 1 – Greenhouse gas emissions per sector in the Netherlands

Figure 1 – Greenhouse gas emissions per sector in the Netherlands

Source: Pollutant Release and Transfer Register (PRTR) (2009, PBL)


In 2008, Dutch national emissions were 206 Mtonnes CO2 equivalent, which is about 3 % below the emissions of 1990[1]. Carbon dioxide emissions, about 85 % of the total in greenhouse gas emissions, increased by 10 % between 1990 and 2007. Non-CO2 emissions (methane, nitrous oxide and fluorinated greenhouse gases) decreased by 40 % in this period. With an 48 % share in 2008, the energy and industry sectors are the largest contributors of national greenhouse gas emissions. The energy sector alone contributed 31 % to national emissions in 2008. The transport sector, with an 18 % share in 2008, is also a significant emitter of greenhouse gases in the Netherlands.




Electricity is mainly produced by coal-fired and gas-fired power stations. Compared to other EU countries, the contribution of nuclear and renewable energy sources to electricity production is small. In 2008, the share of renewable energy accounted for about 7.5 % of domestic electricity consumption.




Energy-related greenhouse gas emissions from industry declined in the period 1990 to 2008. This was partly due to an increased use of cogeneration in joint ventures (the emissions of which are ascribed to the energy sector).


Non-energy-related greenhouse gas emissions from industry have been declining since 1999. This is mainly due to reduction in non-CO2 greenhouse gas emissions (such as fluorinated greenhouse gases and nitrous oxide). The nitrous oxide emissions from industry have dropped significantly since 2007 (23 % compared to 2006), due to abatement technology installed at all nitric acid production plants.




Despite efforts to increase fuel efficiency of cars, CO2 emissions from road transport increased by more than 35 % between 1990 and 2008. In recent years, biofuel blending has led to significant emission reductions. Biofuels share in fuels for road transport accounted for 2 % in 2007 and increased to more than 3 % in 2008.


Biofuel consumption between 2003 and 2008

[1] All 2008 figures are based on provisional data. Emissions excluding LULUCF


Older versions



Filed under:

The country assessments are the sole responsibility of the EEA member and cooperating countries supported by the EEA through guidance, translation and editing.

Filed under: SOER2010, climate change
Document Actions