Climate change mitigation - Drivers and pressures (Sweden)

SOER 2010 Common environmental theme (Deprecated)
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Key drivers and pressures of climate change. Links to further national information on climate change.
Climate change Climate change
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Swedish Environmental Protection Agency
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Swedish Environmental Protection Agency
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Last updated
23 Sep 2011
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CC By 2.5
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Swedish Environmental Protection Agency
Published: 23 Oct 2010 Modified: 11 May 2020 Feed synced: 23 Sep 2011 original
Key message

Plant and animal life in the Swedish mountains and the Baltic Sea are considered especially sensitive to the effects of climate change.

c) What are the related key drivers (D) and pressures (P) at national level?

In 2008, total emissions of greenhouse gases in Sweden, expressed as carbon dioxide equivalents, amounted to 64 million tonnes (excl. LULUCF). Emissions declined by 11.7 %, between 1990 and 2008. The aggregate emissions of greenhouse gases have varied, but during the 1999–2008 period, they have in all cases been below the 1990 level. Variations between years are largely due to variation in precipitation and in temperature in the winter months (need for heating).

Decrease in some sectors, increase in others

The greatest reductions in emissions during the 1990–2008 period took place in the residential and service, agriculture, waste and some industrial sectors. Emission increases have primarily occurred in the transportation sector and in some industries. The net reduction for the land use, land-use change and forestry sectors (LULUCF) was scarcely 21 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalents in 2007 (calculated according to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) rules. The amount of reduction varied during the period.


GNP growth has averaged 2.3 % annually during the 1990–2007 period. GNP declined at the beginning of the 1990s, but since 1994 it has increased on average by more than 3 % annually. Despite increased economic growth by nearly 50 % since 1990, it has still been possible to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Per capita emissions of greenhouse gases (excl. LULUCF) have diminished from 8.4 tonnes/capita in 1990 to 7.1 tonnes/capita in 2007.




The country assessments are the sole responsibility of the EEA member and cooperating countries supported by the EEA through guidance, translation and editing.

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