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Average greenhouse gas intensity of road transport fuels in the EU, 2010-2019

Figure Created 23 Sep 2021 Published 23 Sep 2021 Last modified 22 Oct 2021
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The EU is not on track towards its target to reduce the greenhouse gas emission intensity of fuels sold for road transport to 6 % below 2010 levels by 2020. Between 2010 and 2019, the emission intensity decreased by 4.3 %, mostly due to the increased use of biofuels. If the indirect land use change (ILUC) effects of biofuel production are considered, the emission intensity of fuels sold in the EU also decreased between 2018 and 2019, due to a limited substitution of oil crops by sugars as feedstocks.

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In 2018, the average GHG intensity of fuels was 3.7 % lower than in 2010, compared to a 3.4 % reduction in 2017. This is still below the indicative target of 4 % reduction for the year 2017. With ILUC taken into account, the average GHG intensity of the fuels consumed in 2018 would only be 2.1 % lower than the 2010 levels. It even increased in 2018 compared to 2017 (see Figure 1), because oils crops, whose use increased in 2018, are responsible for significant indirect land use change (ILUC).

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