Average greenhouse gas intensity of road transport fuels in the EU, 2010-2021

Figure Created 17 Oct 2023 Published 25 Oct 2023 Last modified 25 Oct 2023
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The EU has not succeeded in meeting its target to reduce, by 2020, the greenhouse gas emission intensity of fuels sold for road transport to 6% below 2010 levels. Between 2010 and 2020, the emission intensity decreased by 5.5%, mostly due to the increased use of biofuels. Eleven countries have succeeded in decreasing their emission intensities by more than 6%. If Indirect Land Use Change (ILUC) effects of biofuel production are considered, the emission intensity of fuels sold in the EU decreased slightly between 2019 and 2020.

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