Average greenhouse gas intensity of road transport fuels in the EU, 2010-2018

Figure Created 15 Oct 2020 Published 19 Nov 2020 Last modified 23 Sep 2021
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• Average EU values (including and excluding indirect land-use change from biofuels production) calculated on the basis of 22 Member States submissions for 2017 (all except Estonia, Lithuania, Poland, Portugal, Romania and Spain) and 28 submissions for 2018. • gCO2eq/MJ, grams of CO2 equivalents per megajoule of energy produced; GHG, greenhouse gas.


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In 2018, the average GHG intensity of fuels was 3.7 % lower than in 2010, compared to a 3.4 % reduction in 2017. This is still below the indicative target of 4 % reduction for the year 2017. With ILUC taken into account, the average GHG intensity of the fuels consumed in 2018 would only be 2.1 % lower than the 2010 levels. It even increased in 2018 compared to 2017 (see Figure 1), because oils crops, whose use increased in 2018, are responsible for significant indirect land use change (ILUC).


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Temporal coverage


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