National and transnational climate atlases in Europe

Page Last modified 09 Dec 2021
2 min read
Many European countries have developed national ‘climate atlases’ (or ‘climate portals’) with spatially explicit information on past and projected climate change. These atlases inform the development and implementation of climate change adaptation plans and strategies, and provide complementary information to pan-European sources, including the indices presented in the Europe’s changing climate hazards report and the European Climate Data Explorer. The national atlases often use more detailed models and observations, and they can contextualise information on the changing climate in terms of regional environmental and socio-economic conditions in the local language(s).

Key messages

  • National climate atlases are web-based platforms that help authorities and all those affected by climate hazards develop and put into practice plans and strategies to adapt to recent and future climate change.
  • National climate atlases, according to the definition employed in this report, are currently available in 17 of the 32 EEA member countries.
  • Out of the 26 national climate atlases reviewed here, 16 cover past trends, whereas 24 cover future projections.
  • The review also includes one climate atlas covering a transnational region (the Pyrenees) and two pan-European atlases (including the European Climate Data Explorer).
  • For each climate atlas, a table entry provides brief information on the considered hazard categories considered, temporal coverage, spatial resolution and interactive features.


This section provides an overview of existing climate atlases in Europe at national, transnational and European levels. There is no uniform definition of a national (or transnational) climate atlas as the specific needs and possibilities of countries differ. The overview covers climate portals that fulfil several conditions: 

1. The portal provides past climate trends or projections of future climate change (or both) for several climate-related variables (baseline). Portals providing climate information for a baseline period only do not qualify. 

2. The portal includes some interactive features, such as zoomable maps, scenario selection or data download. 

3. The portal is hosted by a credible government institution (e.g. a national meteorological service or national environment agency) or scientific institution (e.g. a university or research institute), which ensures its scientific validity and continuity.  

These definitions intend to facilitate a comparison of these atlases. Note that some countries are served by more than one climate atlas due to differences in temporal coverage (e.g., past vs. future), climate system coverage (e.g., land-based vs. ocean-based) or institutional origin (e.g., national weather service vs. research institute). Furthermore, countries may have complementary information in other web portals, databases and reports that were not included in this review. 


Go straight to the climate atlases overview.   

Chapters of the Europe's changing climate hazards report

  1. Heat and cold

  2. Wet and dry

  3. Wind

  4. Snow and ice

  5. Coastal

  6. Open ocean


Back to main page of the report


Geographic coverage

Temporal coverage



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Filed under: atlas, climate hazards
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