Press Release

Urgent action needed to protect Europe's damaged soils

Press Release Published 19 Dec 2000 Last modified 28 Jun 2016
2 min read


For use of the media only;
not an official document.

EEA logo

Urgent action needed to protect Europe's damaged soils

Bonn, 19 December 2000 -- The degradation of Europe's vital soil resources will continue and even accelerate unless prompt action is taken now, according to a new report by the European Environment Agency and the United Nations Environment Programme.

"The sustainable use of soils is one of Europe's greatest environmental, social and economic challenges," said Klaus Töpfer, UNEP's Executive Director. "Although often overlooked, soil is a natural resource that is no less important to human well-being and the environment than clean water and clean air."

The report, "Down to earth: Soil degradation and sustainable development in Europe: A challenge for the XXI century," is being released here today on the margins of the annual meeting of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification. The 32-page report outlines and quantifies the threats to Europe's soils and proposes solutions.

"Soil degradation is part of the systematic abuse of the European space, its territory and the natural resources involved," said Domingo Jiménez-Beltrán, the European Environment Agency's Executive Director. "This may become, in particular in the EU area, a main challenge for sustainability and would require a common approach."

Soil provides a large number of different services which we depend on and which we often are unaware of until it is too late.

Soils are being over-stressed by Europe's dense settlement patterns and intensive economic activities and by acidification, erosion, contamination, and changes in climate. Growing demand for food production, living space, leisure and tourism facilities, infrastructure and industrial production will only increase the pressure.

In some parts of Europe, the degradation is so severe that it has reduced the soil's capacity to support human communities and ecosystems and resulted in desertification. Because it can take hundreds or thousands of years to regenerate most soils, the damage occurring today is for all purposes irreversible.

And soil degradation is not only occurring in the Mediterranean countries (Annex IV of the UN Convention on Desertification). While 1/3 of Europe's soil (EEA 1999) may be affected (with over 150 M ha suffering high erosion risk (EEA 1998)) and deterioration is critical in the Mediterranean countries (e.g. Spain: 18% of land affected; loss of 28 t/ha/y peak average for 90-95 in agricultural land) and around the Black Sea (e.g. Ukraine 41% of agricultural land affected by erosion risk in 1996), it also seriously affects Central Europe (Germany was losing due to sealing 120 ha/day in 1997, Austria's agricultural land lost reached 9 t/ha/y (EEA 1999)) and countries like Ireland and Iceland; and it is expected that water erosion risks will increase by 2050 in 80% of EU's agricultural land.

Note to journalists: Messrs. Töpfer and Jiménez-Beltrán will brief the press at the Fourth Conference of the parties of the UNCCD in Bonn on 19 December 2000. For more information, contact Michael Williams at +41-22-917-8242 or +41-79-409-1528 or

See also WEB SITES: htttp://;



Document Actions