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Figure

Nutrients in European water bodies

Figure Created 23 Mar 2022 Published 25 Mar 2022 Last modified 07 Apr 2022
3 min read
This figure shows the trends in nitrate in European groundwater and rivers and the trends in phosphorus in European lakes and rivers.

European data

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The geographical coverage is the 38 EEA member countries plus the United Kingdom, but only complete time series are included in the analysis.

Two time series are shown – a longer time series representing fewer water bodies and a shorter time series representing more water bodies.

Upper chart:
Nitrate in groundwater: The number of groundwater bodies included per country is given in parenthesis:
1992-2019: Europe (462), Austria (13), Belgium (24), Bulgaria (25), Denmark (1), Estonia (16), Finland** (8), France (247), Germany (66), Ireland (50), Portugal (2), Slovakia (4), Slovenia (5), Spain (1).
2000-2019: Europe (1013), Austria (14), Belgium (37), Bulgaria (40), Cyprus (6), Czechia (64), Denmark (4), Estonia (18), Finland** (9), France (437), Germany (175), Ireland (66), Italy (10), Latvia (15), Malta (2), Portugal (10), Serbia (21), Slovakia (16), Slovenia (6), Spain (26), Switzerland (37).
(* = all data total oxidised nitrogen, ** = some data total oxidised nitrogen)

Nitrate in rivers: The number of river monitoring sites included per country is given in parenthesis:
- 1992-2019: Europe (901), Albania (3), Austria (39), Belgium (26), Czechia (19), Denmark* (37), Estonia (37), Finland** (64), France** (185), Germany (119), Ireland** (4), Latvia (13), Lithuania (22), Poland (13), Slovakia (8), Slovenia (7), Spain** (151), Sweden* (111), Switzerland (6), United Kingdom** (37).
- 2000-2019: Europe (1328), Albania (7), Austria (41), Belgium (34), Cyprus (14), Czechia (19), Denmark* (38), Estonia (39), Finland** (73), France** (243), Germany (122), Iceland (1), Ireland** (50), Italy (25), Latvia (16), Lithuania (22), North Macedonia (18), Poland (16), Romania (89), Serbia (34), Slovakia (8), Slovenia (8), Spain** (244), Sweden* (113), Switzerland (16), United Kingdom** (38)..
(* = all data total oxidised nitrogen, ** = some data total oxidised nitrogen)"

Lower chart:
Phosphate in rivers: The number of river monitoring sites included per country is given in parenthesis:
- 1992-2019: Europe (664), Austria (27), Belgium (24), Bulgaria (32), Czechia (8), Denmark (39), Estonia (38), Finland (64), France (167), Ireland (4), Latvia (13), Lithuania (22), Norway (44), Slovakia (6), Slovenia (9), Spain (32), Sweden (111), Switzerland (6), United Kingdom (18).
- 2000-2019: Europe (1016), Albania (3), Austria (41), Belgium (28), Bulgaria (53), Croatia (23), Czechia (8), Denmark (40), Estonia (40), Finland (71), France (242), Iceland (1), Ireland (33), Italy (18), Latvia (16), Lithuania (22), Norway (44), Romania (88), Serbia (34), Slovakia (6), Slovenia (11), Spain (44), Sweden (113), Switzerland (16), United Kingdom (21).

Total phosphorus in lakes: The number of lake monitoring sites included per country is given in parenthesis:
1992-2019: Europe (261), Austria (5), Denmark (5), Estonia (7), Finland (145), Germany (4), Lithuania (2), Norway (2), Slovenia (2), Sweden (90).
2000-2019: Europe (339), Austria (27), Belgium (1), Bulgaria (1), Croatia (3), Denmark (5), Estonia (8), Finland (170), France (1), Germany (6), Lithuania (3), Norway (3), Poland (9), Serbia (3), Slovenia (3), Sweden (95), United Kingdom (1).

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