Share of renewable electricity in gross electricity consumption in the EU25 (includes 2010 indicative targets)

Figure Created 12 Nov 2009 Published 12 Nov 2009 Last modified 26 Aug 2017
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The electricity directive (2001/77/EC) defines renewable electricity as the share of electricity produced from renewable energy sources in total electricity consumption


European data


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The latter includes imports and exports of electricity. The electricity generated from pumping in hydropower plants is included in total electricity consumption but it is not input as a renewable source of energy. Almost all electricity generated in Iceland and Norway come from renewable energy sources. The renewable electricity share in Norway is above 100% in some years because a part of the (renewable) electricity generated domestically is exported to other countries. The share of renewable electricity in Germany in 1990 refers to West Germany only. National indicative targets for the share of renewables electricity in 2010 are taken from directive 2001/77/EC. Notes to their 2010 indicative targets are made by Italy, Luxemburg, Austria, Portugal, Finland and Sweden in the directive; Austria and Sweden note that reaching the target is dependent upon climatic factors affecting hydropower production, with Sweden considering 52% a more realistic figure if long-range models on hydrologic and climatic conditions were applied. No energy data for Liechtenstein available from Eurostat.


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