State of Nature 2020

Page Last modified 23 Aug 2019
2 min read
The EEA, together with its European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity and consultants from the European Commission, compile and process the reports from the Member States.

In addition, they assess the conservation status of species and habitats at the EU level. Based on these data and information, the EEA produced the State of Nature report and made available all related datasets in the form of databases and dedicated viewers.

These pages, covering the reporting period from 2013 to 2018, are the most comprehensive and systematic assessment of the state of nature and of biodiversity conservation delivered by the EU to date.


Reporting from the Member States

  • Birds Directive Article 12 reporting

Article 12 of the Birds Directive requires Member States to report about the progress made with the implementation of the Directive. Prior to the reporting period of 2008-2012, the European Commission, in agreement with Member States, revised the reporting format and procedure. This was to focus the reporting on the status and trends of bird populations, thereby, streamlining the birds reporting with the reporting under Article 17 of the Habitats Directive. In addition, the report contains information on main pressures and threats, on conservation measures and on the status and trends of birds in the Natura 2000 network. The alignment of reporting obligations was adopted by a Regulation on 5th June 2019As part of their reports, Member States deliver maps with the distribution of the bird species (presence/absence on a 10x10 km European grid).

The guidelines for preparing the Article 12 reports are provided in the report forms and in the Explanatory Notes and Guidelines, which are together with other guidance and technical documents available on Article 12 reference portal.

  • Habitats Directive Article 17 reporting

Article 11 of the Habitats Directive requires Member States to monitor the conservation status of the habitats and species listed in its annexes. Article 17 requires a report to be sent to the European Commission every 6 years following an agreed format. The assessment of conservation status is based on information about the status and trends of species populations and of habitats at the level of the biogeographical or marine region.  The reports also include information on the main pressures and threats, on conservation measures and on the status and trends of species and habitats in the Natura 2000 network. As part of their reports, Member States deliver maps with the distribution of the habitats and species (presence/absence on a 10x10 km European grid).

The guidelines for assessing the conservation status and for preparing the Article 17 reports are provided in the report forms and in Explanatory Notes and Guidelines, which are together with other guidance and technical documents available on Article 17 reference portal.


 


 


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