Natura 2000 coverage in Europe's seas

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Natura 2000 data refers to information reported by Member States in 2017. Europe's seas are defined by the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) marine regions and subregions.

 

European regional seas and sub regions (sensu MSFD)

EU part of sea (km2)

Area covered by Natura 2000 (km2)

Total no of Natura 2000 sites

% of EU waters covered by Natura 2000

% of  0-1 NM zone covered by Natura 2000

% of 1-12 NM zone covered by Natura 2000

% of 12 NM to END zone covered by Natura 2000

Baltic Sea

368720

56039

851

15.2

32

16

9

North East Atlantic Ocean (NEAO)

4082719

364751

1087

8.9

54

30

6

Celtic Seas

930900

95747

446

10.3

52

25

6

Greater North Sea, incl. the Kattegat and the English Channel

491305

117111

383

23.8

61

34

19

Bay of Biscay and the Iberian Coast

803350

118489

202

14.7

60

34

13

Macaronesia

1857164

33405

70

1.8

31

29

1

Mediterranean Sea

1274892

85761

1211

6.7

43

14

2

Western Mediterranean Sea

659989

52070

526

7.9

53

20

3

Ionian Sea and the Central Mediterranean Sea

240068

13625

161

5.7

53

16

1

Adriatic Sea

120069

6644

363

5.5

38

6

0

Aegean-Levantine Sea

190382

13422

174

7.1

36

7

0

Black Sea

64384

9156

44

14.2

84

51

6

Total

5790715

515708

3191(1)

8.9

44

21

5

 

(1) The total number of site polygons is lower than the sum of sites at regional/subregional level, because some sites span across different regions or subregions.

NM = nautical miles

The methodology and the procedure used for selecting the marine Natura 2000 sites from the 2017 tabular and spatial data are those illustrated in the EEA report  'Spatial analysis of marine protected area networks in Europe's seas' (2015).

Natura 2000 sites located outside the 200 NM in the North East Atlantic Ocean are not considered.

The table was produced by European Topic Centre on Inland, Coastal and Marine Waters, ETC/ICM.




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