Natura 2000 coverage in Europe's seas

Page Last modified 22 May 2018
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Natura 2000 data refers to information reported by Member States in 2016. Europe's seas are defined by the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) marine regions and subregions.

 

European regional seas and sub regions (sensu MSFD)

EU part of sea (km2)

Area covered by Natura 2000 (km2)

Total no of Natura 2000 sites

% of EU waters covered by Natura 2000

% of  0-1 NM zone covered by Natura 2000

% of 1-12 NM zone covered by Natura 2000

% of 12 NM to END zone covered by Natura 2000

Baltic Sea

368720

56039

856

15.2

32

16

9

North East Atlantic Ocean (NEAO)

4082719

290172

1082

7.1

54

28

4

Celtic Seas

930900

70127

443

7.5

51

24

3

Greater North Sea, incl. the Kattegat and the English Channel

491305

114122

381

23.2

60

34

19

Bay of Biscay and the Iberian Coast

803350

78685

201

9.8

60

34

7

Macaronesia

1857164

27238

69

1.5

31

19

1

Mediterranean

1274892

62941

1169

4.9

31

11

1

Western Mediterranean Sea

659989

44926

524

6.8

53

20

1

Ionian Sea and the Central Mediterranean Sea

240068

6667

155

2.8

29

6

1

Adriatic Sea

120069

6531

361

5.4

37

5

0

Aegean-Levantine Sea

190382

4818

137

2.5

14

2

0

Black Sea

64384

9156

44

14.2

84

51

6

Total

5790715

418308

3149(1)

7.2

40

19

4

 

(1) The total number of site polygons is lower than the sum of sites at regional/subregional level, because some sites span across different regions or subregions.

NM = nautical miles

The methodology and the procedure used for selecting the marine Natura 2000 sites from the 2016 tabular and spatial data are those illustrated in the EEA report  'Spatial analysis of marine protected area networks in Europe's seas' (2015).

Natura 2000 sites located outside the MSFD marine regions and subregions are not considered.

The table was produced by European Topic Centre on Inland, Coastal and Marine Waters, ETC/ICM.

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Temporal coverage

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