Acronyms and abbreviations

BAT Best available technology
CAP Common Agricultural Policy (EU)
CEE Central and Eastern Europe
CCE Coordinating Centre for Effects (UNECE)
CFCs Chlorofluorocarbons
CLRTAP Convention on Long Range Transboundary Air Pollution (UNECE)
DG III EC Directorate-General III (Industry); now DG Industry
DG XI EC Directorate-General XI (Environment, Nuclear Safety and Civil Protection); now DG Environment
DMI Direct Material Input
DPSIR Driving forces, Pressures, State, Impact, Responses
5EAP fifth environmental action programme of the European Union
ECU European Currency Unit (now EUR or euro)
EEA European Environment Agency
EFTA European Free Trade Association
EMEP Cooperative Programme for Monitoring and Evaluation of the Long Range Transmission of Air Pollution in Europe
ETC/AE European Topic Centre on Air Emissions
ETC/AQ European Topic Centre on Air Quality
ETC/IW European Topic Centre on Inland Waters
ETC/LC European Topic Centre on Land Cover
ETC/NC European Topic Centre on Nature Conservation
ETC/W European Topic Centre on Waste
EU European Union
Eurostat Statistical Office of the European Union (Luxembourg)
FCCC Framework Convention on Climate Change (UN)
FAO Food and Agriculture Organisation (UN)
GDP gross domestic product
GWP global warming potential
HCFCs hydrochlorofluorocarbons
HELCOM Helsinki Commission
HFCs hydrofluorocarbons
IEA International Energy Agency
IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
IPPC Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (EU Directive)
ktonnes thousand tonnes
MAC maximum admissible concentration
MSC-W EMEP Meteorological Synthesising Centre-West (UNECE)
New Cronos general statistical database at Eurostat
NMVOCs non-methane volatile organic compounds
NOx nitrogen oxides, including nitric oxide (NO) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2)
OECD Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development
ODP ozone-depleting potential
OSPAR Joint Oslo and Paris Commissions
PCBs polychlorinated biphenyls
PFCs perfluorcarbons
PM particulate matter
POPs persistent organic pollutants
ppb parts per billion
ppm parts per million
Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat
RIVM National Institute of Public Health and Environmental Protection, the Netherlands
TMR Total Material Requirement
toe tonnes of oil equivalent
UNECE United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
UNEP United Nations Environment Programme
UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
UUA utilised agricultural area
VOCs volatile organic compounds
WHO World Health Organization


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