Indicator Assessment

Overview of electricity production and use in Europe

Indicator Assessment
Prod-ID: IND-353-en
  Also known as: ENER 038
Published 15 Dec 2016 Last modified 11 May 2021
36 min read
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In 2014, low-carbon energy sources (renewables and nuclear energy) continued to dominate the electricity mix for the second year in a row, together generating  more power than fossil fuel sources.

  • In 2014, fossil fuels were responsible for 42 % of all gross electricity generation, a decrease of 25 % compared with 1990 across the EU-28.
  • By way of contrast, the share of electricity generated from renewable sources is growing rapidly and reached more than one quarter of all gross electricity generation in the EU-28 (29 % in 2014), more than twice as much as in 1990. As such, renewable sources generated more electricity in 2014 than nuclear sources or coal and lignite.
  • Nuclear energy sources contributed roughly one quarter of all gross electricity generation in 2014 (27.5 %).


Final electricity consumption (the total consumption of electricity by all end-use sectors plus electricity imports and minus exports) has increased by 25 % in the EU-28 since 1990, at an average rate of around 0.9 % per year (see ENER 016). In the EU-28, the strongest growth was observed in the services sector (2.5 % per year), followed by households (1.1 % per year).

With regard to the non-EU EEA countries, between 1990 and 2014 electricity generation increased by an average of 6.5 % per year in Turkey, 6.3 % per year in Iceland and 0.5 % per year in Norway.

CO2 emission intensity

Electricity generation
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Gross electricity production by fuel