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Emissions in European shipping areas (EMTER)

Datasets showing SO2 (2014 and 2019), NOx (2019), PM2.5 (2019) emissions in European shipping areas. These datasets have been prepared in relation to the development of the first European Maritime Transport Environmental Report (EMSA-EEA report, 2021: https://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/maritime-transport).

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Spatial variation in N surplus (left) and P surplus (right) for the year 2010 in the EU-27

The figure shows the spatial variation in nitrogen (N) surplus (left map) and phosporus (P) surplus (right map) for all agricultural land in the EU-27 in 2010 (excluding the United Kingdom and Croatia). The surplus for N is calculated as the sum of N inputs to land (fertiliser, manure and biosolids, atmospheric N deposition, biological fixation and net mineralisation) minus crop removal (offtake). The surplus for P is calculdated as the sum of P inputs to land (fertiliser, manure and biosolids, atmospheric P deposition) minus crop removal (offtake). In the two maps, regions with higher N and P surpluses are coloured in shades of orange and red (with red colours representing N surpluses over 150 kg/ha/yr and P surpluses of 12 kg/ha/yr, respectively). Regions with lower N and P surpluses are shown in shades of green. N surpluses occur in nearly all regions, and are highest in areas with high livestock densities such as the Netherlands, Belgium, Brittany in France and the Po valley region in Italy. Because P is adsorbed by the soil, P surpluses can be negative in areas where crop uptake exceeds P input and P inputs are completely eliminated (so-called P mining), such as in parts of France, Germany, Czechia, Slovakia and Hungary. The maps and the supporting information are adapted from De Vries, W., Romkens, P., Kros, H., Voogd, J.C.H., Schulte-Uebbing, L., 2022, Impacts of nutrients and heavy metals in European agriculture. Current and critical inputs in relation to air, soil and water quality, ETC-DI Report 2022/01, European Environment Agency.

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Industrial releases of pollutants to water and economic activity in the EU-27, 2010-2020

The figure shows the trend of pollutant releases into water in the EU-27 from 2010 to 2020 by using 2010 releases values as reference. In addition, gross value added (GVA) from the industry sector is presented.

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Percentage of groundwater stations in each country exceeding the drinking water standard (50mg of nitrates per litre) during the last two reporting periods, 2012-2015 and 2016-2019, under the Nitrates Directive

The figure shows the percentage of groundwater stations in each EU country and the EU level, exceeding the drinking water standard (50 mg of nitrates per litre) during the last two reporting periods under the Nitrates Directive

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Nutrients in water bodies in the EU-27

The figure shows aggregated time series for monitoring sites (surface waters) or water bodies (groundwater). Only complete time series are included. The selected time series are aggregated by averaging across all sites for each year.

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Waterbase - UWWTD: Urban Waste Water Treatment Directive – reported data

Urban Waste Water Treatment Directive concerns the collection, treatment and discharge of urban waste water and the treatment and discharge of waste water from certain industrial sectors. The objective of the Directive is to protect the environment from the adverse effects of the above mentioned waste water discharges. The published output contains data reported in 2022. Current output is provisional, as it is subject to the Commission's compliance check, following which some records may be amended and further information will be added.

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Percentage of reported monitoring sites with pesticides exceeding thresholds in a) surface waters and b) groundwater in Europe weighted by country area

For each European country, which reported pesticide data under WISE 6 in time period 2013 to 2020, information on numbers of reported pesticides for both surface waters and groundwater is listed.

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Extended wetland ecosystem layer

The dataset “Extended wetland ecosystem” is a derived product of the Corine Land Cover (CLS) layer for the year 2018 which has then been reclassified into 20 wetland classes on the basis of ancillary spatial layers (“Water and Wetness 2018” and “Riparian Zone Layer” Copernicus products, the “Ecosystem types of Europe” v3.1 and “The Global Spatial Water Explorer” datasets). Besides the traditional types of inland and coastal wetlands (i.e. marshes, rivers, lakes, lagoons, estuaries), the layer also covers the forest, grassland and agricultural ecosystems which are seasonally or permanently flooded (i.e. riparian forests, wet grasslands, rice fields) and are therefore considered as wetlands according to the Ramsar Convention definition and typology. This wetland reclassification and mapping considers their hydro-ecological characteristics and provides information about the real spatial extent and distribution of varied wetland habitats.

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Bathing water quality in Europe in the 2021 season (EU countries, Albania, and Switzerland)

The figure shows the share of bathing water quality classes by country for the season of 2021.

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Coastal and inland bathing water quality in the EU between 2015 and 2021

The figure shows the share of bathing water quality classes by year.

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Bathing Water Directive - Status of bathing water

The EU Bathing Waters Directive requires Member States to identify popular bathing places in fresh and coastal waters and monitor them for indicators of microbiological pollution (and other substances) throughout the bathing season which runs from May to September

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Water abstraction by economic sector in the 27 EU Member States, 2000-2019

Annual total water abstraction by economic sectors i.e. agriculture (including forestry and fishing), electricity cooling, manufacturing cooling, manufacturing, mining and quarrying, construction and public water supply, as defined in NACE (Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Communities) sections. Hydropower is excluded.

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Share of total annual water abstraction by source in the 27 EU Member States, 2000-2019

Annual total water abstraction from groundwater and surface water as a percentage of total surface and groundwater.

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Waterbase - Water Quantity

Waterbase is the generic name given to the EEA's databases on the status and quality of Europe's rivers, lakes, groundwater bodies and transitional, coastal and marine waters, on the quantity of Europe's water resources, and on the emissions to surface waters from point and diffuse sources of pollution.

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Waterbase - Biology

Waterbase - Biology

16 May 2022

Waterbase is the generic name given to the EEA's databases on the status and quality of Europe's rivers, lakes, groundwater bodies and transitional, coastal and marine waters, on the quantity of Europe's water resources, and on the emissions to surface waters from point and diffuse sources of pollution.

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Waterbase - Water Quality ICM

Waterbase is the generic name given to the EEA's databases on the status and quality of Europe's rivers, lakes, groundwater bodies and transitional, coastal and marine waters, on the quantity of Europe's water resources, and on the emissions to surface waters from point and diffuse sources of pollution.

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Waterbase - Emissions

Waterbase - Emissions

11 May 2022

Waterbase is the generic name given to the EEA's databases on the status and quality of Europe's rivers, lakes, groundwater bodies and transitional, coastal and marine waters, on the quantity of Europe's water resources, and on the emissions to surface waters from point and diffuse sources of pollution.

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Areas in Europe with additional water stress in the future under a temperature increase of 3 °C.

Percentage of water use against water availability under the temperature scenario of 3 degree increase

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