Effect on vegetation productivity: number of frost days

Figure Created 27 Feb 2020 Published 03 Mar 2020 Last modified 03 Mar 2020
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The chart shows the effect of frost frequency variations on vegetation productivity, expressed in standard deviation units of vegetation productivity.

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Above ground vegetation productivity 2000-2016 The raster files are the above ground vegetation productivity time-series and the derived linear trend for the period 2000-2016.The data set addresses trends in land surface productivity derived from remote sensing observed time series of vegetation indices. The vegetation index used in the indicator is the Plant Phenology Index (PPI, Jin and Eklundh, 2014). PPI is based on the MODIS Nadir BRDF-Adjusted Reflectance product (MODIS MCD43 NBAR. The product provides reflectance data for the MODIS “land” bands (1 - 7) adjusted using a bi-directional reflectance distribution function. This function models values as if they were collected from a nadir-view to remove so called cross-track illumination effects. The Plant Phenology Index (PPI) is a new vegetation index optimized for efficient monitoring of vegetation phenology. It is derived from radiative transfer solution using reflectance in visible-red (RED) and near-infrared (NIR) spectral domains. PPI is defined to have a linear relationship to the canopy green leaf area index (LAI) and its temporal pattern is strongly similar to the temporal pattern of gross primary productivity (GPP) estimated by flux towers at ground reference stations. PPI is less affected by presence of snow compared to commonly used vegetation indices such as Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) or Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI).The product is distributed with 500 m pixel size (MODIS Sinusoidal Grid) with 8-days compositing period.

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