Data Visualization

Greenhouse gas emission trends, projections and targets in the EU

Data Visualization Created 03 Sep 2018 Published 30 Nov 2018 Last modified 28 Nov 2019
2 min read

More information

Historic trends from 1990 to 2016 are represented in solid lines.The 2016–2017 trend is approximated (preliminary estimates). Projections until 2035 are represented in dashed lines.The upper line represents the scenario "with existing measures" (WEM), while the lower line represents the scenario "with additional measures" (WAM). EU targets and objectives for 2020, 2030 and 2050 are represented as bullets.


Based on data reported by Member States under the Monitoring Mechanism Regulation (Regulation (EU) No 525/2013):

  • 1990-2015 historic trends from national greenhouse gas inventories submitted by 1/06/2017
  • 2017 approximated inventories submitted by 31/07/2018 + gap-filling
  • projections submitted by Member States in 2017

 Unit: million tonnes CO2-equivalent

Additional information

The GHG emission trends, projections and targets include emissions from international aviation, and exclude emissions and removals from the land-use sector. The WEM scenario reflects existing policies and measures, while the WAM scenario takes into account the additional effects of planned measures reported by Member States. For the most part, these projections were reported in 2017 and therefore do not reflect the expected effects of recent policy adopted  for the period after 2020.

Data sources

National emissions reported to the UNFCCC and to the EU Greenhouse Gas Monitoring Mechanism provided by European Environment Agency (EEA)
Approximated greenhouse gas emissions provided by European Environment Agency (EEA)
Greenhouse gas projections provided by European Environment Agency (EEA)

Download data


Geographic coverage

Temporal coverage



Document Actions