Greenhouse gas (GHG) emission trends, projections and targets in the EU

Data Visualization Created 08 Sep 2017 Last modified 13 Sep 2017
1 min read
Historic trends from 1990 to 2015 are represented in solid lines.The 2015–2016 trend is approximated (preliminary estimates). Projections until 2035 are represented in dashed lines.The upper line represents the scenario "with existing measures", while the lower line represents the scenario "with additional measures". EU targets and objectives for 2020, 2030 and 2050 are represented as bullets.

More information

The GHG emission trends, projections and targets include emissions from international aviation, and exclude emissions and removals from the land-use sector. The ‘with existing measures’ (WEM) scenario reflects existing policies and measures, while the ‘with additional measures’ (WAM) takes into account the additional effects of planned measures reported by Member States. For the most part, these projections were reported in 2015 and therefore do not reflect the expected effects of recent policy proposals such as the reform of the EU ETS and other measures in non-ETS sectors for the period after 2020.

Unit: million tonnes CO2-equivalent

Methodology: Based on data reported by Member States under the Monitoring Mechanism Regulation (Regulation (EU) No 525/2013):

-1990-2015 historic trends from national greenhouse gas inventories submitted by 1/06/2017
-2016 approximated inventories submitted by 31/07/2017 + gap-filling
-projections submitted by Member States in 2017

Data sources

National emissions reported to the UNFCCC and to the EU Greenhouse Gas Monitoring Mechanism provided by European Environment Agency (EEA)
Approximated greenhouse gas emissions provided by European Environment Agency (EEA)
Greenhouse gas projections provided by European Environment Agency (EEA)
EEA – Indicator CSI 010 provided by European Environment Agency (EEA)

Download data

Related content

Related briefings

Temporal coverage

European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100