Latvia country profile - SDGs and the environment

Briefing Published 02 Dec 2020 Last modified 02 Dec 2020
3 min read
For SDG action, Latvia has set seven priority areas, including an innovative and eco-efficient economy (SDGs 8, 9) and nature as its future capital (SDGs 14, 15).

With regard to an innovative and eco-efficient economy, it aims to preserve biological diversity, together with the services of eco-systems and renewable energy resources (SDG 7) used in innovative ways. As regards nature as its future capital, Latvia prioritises the use of location as capital, together with creating its image as a green country (Cross-Sectoral Coordination Centre - CSCC, 2018). 

Latvia’s action towards SDGs with an environmental dimension focuses primarily on SDGs 7, 8, 9, 14 and 15.

In Latvia, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Consultative Council for Cooperation on Development are responsible for sustainable development cooperation and planning. Regular Council meetings constitute the main platform for implementation of the 2030 Agenda (CSCC, 2018). The CSCC is the primary body for development planning in Latvia and the focal point for the SDGs. It is overseen by the prime minister (CSCC, 2018) and includes representatives from all line ministries, the Latvian Platform for Development Cooperation (LAPAS), the Latvian Association of Local and Regional Governments, the Latvian Chamber of Commerce and Industry, the Employers’ Confederation of Latvia, the Latvian Rectors’ Council, the European Affairs Committee of the Latvian Parliament, the State Chancellery, and the Latvian School of Public Administration. There are plans to strengthen the Council, expand its membership, and establish new working groups, as appropriate (UNECE, 2016).

The CSCC created an informal advisory working group for the SDGs, comprising representatives from relevant line ministries, local governments, civil society associations, international partners, and other relevant stakeholders. In Latvia, planning and policy are decentralised, which means that local authorities are critical to SDG actions. All local governments in Latvia have adopted sustainable development strategies which identify key issues, goals and plans. Many efforts at the local level are organised by the Latvian Association of Local and Regional Governments. The largest NGO umbrella organisation in Latvia is Alliance-Latvia which brings together organisations working on implementing the SDGs (CSCC, 2018).

Latvia submitted a VNR to the UN in 2018).

The Latvian National Development Plan 2014-2020 (NDP2020) is the overarching planning document for SDG action. The NDP2020 is supported by several policy frameworks and plans that set out how to achieve the SDGs (CSCC, 2018). In 2017, Latvia launched a public discussion on tracking progress towards the NDP2020 to promote the development and engagement of non-profits and civil society (Pārresoru koordinācijas centrs (PKC, 2017). The Central Statistical Bureau (CSB) oversees the gathering and publication of national data indicators. It estimates that data are available for approximately 37 % of the SDG indicators. In the first half of 2017, a full SDG mapping was conducted, in collaboration with the CSCC (CSCC, 2018).


CSCC, 2018,Latvia: Implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals, Report to the UN High Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development 2018,Cross-sectoral Coordination Centre, Riga, Latvia.

PKC, 2015, Latvijas Ilgtspējīgas Attīstības Stratēģijas Līdz 2030. Gadam, Nacionālā Attīstības Plāna 2014.–2020. Gadam Un Deklarācijas Par Laimdotas Straujumas Vadītā Ministru Kabineta Iecerēto Darbību Īstenošanas Uzraudzības Ziņojums, Pārresoru koordinācijas centrs, Riga, Latvia, accessed 6 November 2017.

PKC, 2017, ‘Aizvadīta konference par valsts attīstības mērķu sasniegšanas progresu, Pārresoru koordinācijas centrs’, Pārresoru koordinācijas centrs, Riga, Latvia, accessed 9 November 2017.

UN DESA, 2018, ‘Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform – Documents and Reports’, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, New York, USA, accessed 29 November 2019.

UNECE, 2016, Planning, implementation, follow-up and review of the Sustainable Development Goals, United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, Geneva, Switzerland, accessed 20 November 2017. 


The country assessments are the sole responsibility of the EEA member and cooperating countries supported by the EEA through guidance, translation and editing.


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