Bosnia and Herzegovina country profile - SDGs and the environment

Briefing Published 02 Dec 2020 Last modified 02 Dec 2020
1 min read
Photo: © Photo by Antoine Petitteville on Unsplash
At the heart of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s SDG action is the elaboration and adoption of its SDG Framework. Under the auspices of the SDG Framework in BiH Subgroup, which comprises representatives from relevant BiH institutions, at the entity and Brčko District level, extensive work has been carried out to design the SDG Framework, including consultations with stakeholders able to bring forward citizens’ perspectives in terms of priority areas, Vision 2030, development pathways and development acceleration points. This document will inform all the strategic planning processes the institutions of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Republika Srpska, the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Brčko District embark upon in 2020 (Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2019).

The country’s SDG Framework document defines key priority areas and targets for reaching Agenda 2030. This vast analytical work has been synthesised into a situation analysis and three development pathways until 2030, along with corresponding accelerators and drivers (Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2019).

Bosnia and Herzegovina’s actions towards SDGs with an environmental dimension focus on SDGs 6, 12, 13, 14 and 15.  

Bosnia and Herzegovina clusters its SDG implementation into the ‘5ps’: people, prosperity, planet, peace, partnership. Under the ‘planet’ cluster, it aims to achieve protection from degradation, changes in consumption and production patterns, the sustainable management of natural resources and urgent action on climate change through implementation of SDGs 6, 12, 13, 14 and 15 (Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2019).

On SDG 6, Bosnia and Herzegovina is working towards the protection and sustainable use of water resources to ensure that drinking water is accessible to all. For SDG 12, it envisages activities focused on better use of environmental principles in business operations and respect for the principle of energy efficiency. On SDG 13, the emphasis is on taking urgent action to combat the impacts of climate change on the country. On SDG 14, Bosnia and Herzegovina aims to tackle the issue of ballast waters from maritime transport (recognised as the main vectors behind the spread of invasive species in the Adriatic Sea), as the introduction of invasive species and the loss of biodiversity further threaten tourism and fishing activities, including in coastal areas. On SDG 15, Bosnia and Herzegovina will continue to implement activities aimed at the sustainable management of forests, combatting desertification, halting and reversing land degradation and halting biodiversity loss. The Directorate for Economic Planning is the leading body for implementation of the SDGs (Oprašić, 2016).

Bosnia and Herzegovina submitted a VNR to the UN in 2019.

In October 2016, the UN in Bosnia and Herzegovina launched ‘Imagine2030’ (Zamisli 2030), an umbrella initiative to advocate, promote and engage citizens with the SDGs and to create a consultation tool for them (Oprašić, 2016).


Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2019, Voluntary Review: Implementation of Agenda 2030 and the Sustainable Development Goals in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bosnia and Herzegovina ( accessed 20 July 2019.

Oprašić, S., 2017,Zamisli 2030 – Sustainable Development Goals in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of Bosnia and Herzegovina, ( accessed 24 November 2017.

Zamisli2030, 2017, ‘Zamisli 2030 – About Us’, Bosnia and Herzegovina( accessed 24 November 2017.


The country assessments are the sole responsibility of the EEA member and cooperating countries supported by the EEA through guidance, translation and editing.


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