Countries' perspectives on SOER 2015 - Waste cross-country comparison

Page Last modified 11 May 2020
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Photo: © Stipe Surać/EEA

Countries and regions


Concerning Figure 2 for Austria and Switzerland this flattening of growth in recycling rates can be explained due to the very high recycling rate already reached in 2004.


Municipal waste generated per capita has decreased by 24% over the period 2007 to 2012 from 0.78 tonnes of waste generated per person in 2007 to 0.59 tonnes in 2012. Whilst the economic downturn undoubtedly had an impact on the levels of waste generated, this indicates a trend towards less waste generated and improved waste prevention in Ireland.


The quantity of waste generated in kg /capita in Kosovo has shown an increasing trend during 2011-2012 with 335 kg, compared with previous years (297 kg in 2010). The structure of municipal waste mostly consists of organic waste (42%), plastic waste (11%), paper (8%) or wood waste (7%).


For Luxembourg the high share is not only the result of wealth but to the fact that every working day the population of Luxembourg is increased by 30% due to cross-borders commuters. Actually, Luxembourg should rather be compared to regions such as Greater London, Ile-de-France, Brussels Capital. Also, comparing municipal waste per capita amongst countries is always problematic since definitions of municipal waste are not harmonised.


According to Central Statistical Office data reported to Eurostat, the amount of municipal waste generated in Poland seems to be stable over the period 2005-2013, with a slight decrease from 12.17 million tons (319 kg per capita) in 2005 to 11.3 million tons in 2013 (293 kg per capita). Data for 2005-2013 are not comparable with data for previous years. This is due to the fact that estimations on municipal waste generated have been reported to Eurostat since 2005. Until 2004 data on municipal waste collected were reported.



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