Environment in the European Union 1995

Report for the Review of the Fifth Environmental Action Programme

Edited by Keimpe Wieringa

The update to the 1992 report on the state of the environment in the European Union requested by the European Commission.
Prepared by the European Environment Agency in cooperation with Eurostat.

Environment in the European Union - 1995; Report for the Review of the Fifth Environmental Action Programme is an appraisal of the state of EU's environment. It was requested by the European Commission as part of the review process of the Fifth Environmental Action Programme "Towards Sustainability", for which it serves as an up-date of the 1992 report on the state of the environment. This indicator-based report also contains an environmental assessment of the progress and prospects of currents actions.

The main conclusions of this report are that the European Union is making progress towards reducing certain pressures on the environment, though this is not enough to improve the general quality of the environment and represents even less progress towards sustainability. Without accelerated policies, pressures on the environment will remain exceeding human health standards and the often limited carrying capacity of the environment. Actions taken to date will not lead to full integration of environmental considerations into economic sectors or to sustainable development.

The report covers the Member States of the European Union and is based on data from a wide range of sources, including, European Commission, Eurostat, IIASA, OECD, RIVM/CCE, UNECE and the World Bank.

The European Environment Agency was launched by the European Union in 1993; it is committed to providing efficient information at the European-level to support policy-makers and to better inform the public about the environment. This means that the Agency shall produce reliable and objective reports about the present state of the environment and the effectiveness of current environmental measures.

Table of Contents


  1. Introduction
  2. Main conclusions
  3. Environmental trends
    • Progress towards 5EAP
    • Findings for each environmental theme
    • Environmental expenditures
  4. Societal trends and sectors


This summary of the report Environment in the European Union - 1995 is available in all EU languages. The full edition was first published in English in November 1995 and has been translated into German and French.

Luxembourg : Office for Official Publications of the European Communities

(c) EEA, Copenhagen, 1996

European Environment Agency
Kongens Nytorv 6
DK-1050 København K
Phone: (+45) 3336 7100
Fax: (+45) 3336 7199

The complete edition of the report is available in three languages, which can be ordered from the bookstore or directly from the sale offices of the Office for Official Publications of the European Communities

Environment in the European Union - 1995
Report for the Review of the Fifth Environmental Action Programme
Cat. no. GH-91-95-689-EN-C
ISBN 92-827-5263-1

Umwelt in der Europäischen Union - 1995
Bericht für die Überprüfung des Fünften Umwelt-Aktionsprogramms
Cat. no. GH-91-95-689-DE-C
ISBN 92-827-5262-3

L'environment dans l'Union européenne -1995
Rapport en support à l'examen du cinquième Programme d'action pour l'environment
Cat. no. GH-91-95-689-FE-C
ISBN 92-827-5264-X


The contents of this report do not necessarily reflect the official opinions of the European Commission or other European Community institutions. Neither the European Environment Agency nor any person or company acting on behalf of the Agency is responsible for the use that may be made of the information contained in this report. The designation employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the European Community or the European Environment Agency concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.


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