EU's Eastern partnership countries face problems with water scarcity and pollution

News Published 03 Nov 2020 Last modified 10 Feb 2023
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Photo: © Ilse, Unsplash
Freshwater resources are unevenly distributed throughout the European Union’s (EU) six Eastern Partnership countries — Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine — according to a European Environment Agency’s report, published today. The EEA report presents an assessment of freshwater availability and water-use efficiency in the region.

The EEA report ‘Water availability, surface water quality and water use in the Eastern Partnership countries’ presents regional information and assessment based on environmental indicators for water. The report is one of the results of the project on implementing Shared Environmental Information System (SEIS) principles in the Eastern Partnership countries.

According to the EEA report, renewable freshwater resources vary considerably in the region, ranging from 12 000 m3 per capita in Georgia to about 1 800 m3 per capita in Moldova and Azerbaijan where water scarcity has been a problem over the past two decades.

Water pollution is not a new problem in the region but it will be exacerbated in the future by intensified agriculture and industrialisation and urbanisation, particularly if these developments are not supported by improved wastewater treatment, the EEA report warns. The main problem in the region’s rivers is the high concentrations of ammonium (NH4) and phosphate, caused by discharges of untreated or insufficiently treated wastewater and by agriculture.


The Association Agreements between the EU and Georgia, Republic of Moldova and Ukraine, as well as the EU-Armenia Comprehensive and Enhanced Partnership Agreement support, among others, the alignment of national water legislation with the EU and international standards.

The EEA report was developed in the context of the EEA cooperation with the Eastern partnership region. The ENI SEIS II East project was funded by the European Union and implemented by the European Environment Agency.


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