Data Visualization

Primary and final energy consumption in the European Union

Data Visualization Created 09 Oct 2023 Published 25 Oct 2023 Last modified 25 Oct 2023
1 min read
This figure shows final and primary energy consumption for the EU-27 from 2005 to 2022 and the EU targets for 2030. The 2030 target for primary energy consumption is not mandatory.

More information


Values for 2005-2021 have been compiled from Eurostat energy balances. Values for 2022 have been estimated by the EEA (Proxies).


Additional information:

Final energy consumption (FEC) represents the energy used by final consumers. Primary energy consumption (PEC) represents the total energy demand within a country.

Data sources

Complete energy balances (NRG_BAL_C), PEC (2020-2030) and FEC (2020-2030) provided by Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat)
EEA 2022 proxies on primary and final energy consumption provided by European Environment Agency (EEA)

Download data


Geographic coverage

Temporal coverage


Filed under:
Filed under: energy, targets
Document Actions