Nature protection and biodiversity - State and impacts (Sweden)

SOER 2010 Common environmental theme (Deprecated)
This is an old version, kept for reference only.

Go to latest version
This page was archived on 21 Mar 2015 with reason: A new version has been published
State and impact of biodiversity on the natural environment and on human health. Links to further national information on biodiversity.
Nature and biodiversity Nature and biodiversity
more info
Swedish Environmental Protection Agency
Organisation name
Swedish Environmental Protection Agency
Reporting country
Organisation website
Organisation website
Contact link
Contact link
Last updated
23 Sep 2011
Content license
CC By 2.5
Content provider
Swedish Environmental Protection Agency
Published: 23 Oct 2010 Modified: 11 May 2020 Feed synced: 23 Sep 2011 original
Key message

Sweden’s latest Red List was published in April 2010. The number of species that are red-listed has increased marginally since 2005. Now, 4 127 species are on the Red List.

b) What are the state (S) and impacts (I) related to this theme, including impacts on the natural environment and human health/human well-being, both at national level as well as in transboundary terms?

We did not meet the 2010 target to halt the loss of biodiversity. Many species and habitats are not viable in the long term, as seen for example in the report on species and habitats under the Habitats directive, article 17 (report with English summary,

This means that we will continue to lose species and hence also the ecosystem services, or the resilience in ecosystems and ecosystem services, which will have an impact on other species, ecosystems, economy and well-being.

The Red List

Sweden's latest Red List was published by the Swedish Species Information Centre at the end of April 2010. It shows that 4 127 species are qualified for the Red List, which means that the number of species that are red-listed has increased marginally since 2005, from 19.3 % to 19.8 %.

The red list index (RLI, which is also a SEBI indicator) is today 0.921, but there is a difference between different organism groups. The RLI for vertebrates is 0.864 and for vascular plants 0.874, while all other groups have a higher figure, meaning that vertebrates and vascular plants might have a higher risk of extinction,

For a summary of the Swedish Red List see:

Alien species

Sweden has recorded more than 2000 alien species and populations, of which 175 are considered invasive.
Go to:; Select country: Sweden; Choose type of chart: Number of alien species.


The country assessments are the sole responsibility of the EEA member and cooperating countries supported by the EEA through guidance, translation and editing.

Document Actions