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Greenhouse gas emissions from land use, land use change and forestry in Europe (8th EAP)

Indicator
workflow
Metadata
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Policy-effectiveness indicator (Type D)
State
Supporting information
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[{"type": "p", "children": [{"text": "This indicator comprises historical and projected emissions estimates from the LULUCF sector. Historical emissions are presented by main land use category, whereas projected emissions are presented at aggregate level."}]}]
[{"type": "p", "children": [{"text": "Million tonnes of CO"}, {"type": "sub", "children": [{"text": "2 "}]}, {"text": "equivalent (Mt CO"}, {"type": "sub", "children": [{"text": "2"}]}, {"text": "e)"}]}]
[{"type": "p", "children": [{"text": ""}, {"url": "https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A32018R0841&qid=1635159635856", "type": "a", "data": {"link": {"external": {"target": "_self", "external_link": "https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A32018R0841&qid=1635159635856"}}}, "children": [{"text": "Regulation (EU) 2018/841"}]}, {"text": " establishes Member States\u2019 contributions to meeting the GHG emission reduction target of the Union for the period 2021-2030 for the LULUCF sector. The goal for Europe to become climate neutral by 2050 is enshrined in "}, {"url": "https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:32021R1119", "type": "a", "data": {"link": {"external": {"target": "_self", "external_link": "https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:32021R1119"}}}, "children": [{"text": "the European Climate Law"}]}, {"text": ""}, {"type": "zotero", "data": {"footnote": "<?xml version=\"1.0\"?>\n<div class=\"csl-bib-body\" style=\"line-height: 1.35; \">\n <div class=\"csl-entry\">EU, 2021, Regulation (EU) 2021/1119 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 June 2021 establishing the framework for achieving climate neutrality and amending Regulations (EC) No 401/2009 and (EU) 2018/1999 (&#x2018;European Climate Law&#x2019;), OJ L 243, 9.7.2021, p. 1-17.</div>\n</div>\n", "zoteroId": "SY8L98AA", "uid": "x0VGk", "footnoteTitle": "EU, Regulation (EU) 2021/1119 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 June 2021 establishing the framework for achieving climate neutrality and amending Regulations (EC) No 401/2009 and (EU) 2018/1999 (\u2018European Climate Law\u2019)"}, "children": [{"text": " "}]}, {"text": ", which includes the target of reducing net emissions of GHGs by at least 55% by 2030 compared with 1990 levels. This acknowledges the need to enhance Europe\u2019s carbon sink through a more ambitious LULUCF Regulation (Regulation (EU) 2018/841), for which the Commission made a proposal in July 2021."}]}]
1
[{"type": "p", "children": [{"text": "No uncertainties have been specified."}]}]
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Layout
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"label": "Other land"}, "harvested_wood_products_hwp": {"valueType": "number", "columnType": "number", "order": 4, "label": "Harvested wood products (HWP)"}, "other": {"valueType": "number", "columnType": "number", "order": 6, "label": "Other"}}}, "readOnlySettings": true, "fixed": true, "@type": "dataFigure", "instructions": {"data": "<p>figure instructions goes here</p>", "content-type": "text/html", "encoding": "utf8"}}, "af01c6eb-1fbf-4eb2-a65b-c14350f25ad5": {"plaintext": "\u00b7 a pathway for achieving a climate-neutral land sector by 2035, combining emissions from agriculture with net removals from LULUCF.", "@type": "slate", "value": [{"type": "p", "children": [{"text": "\u00b7 a pathway for achieving a climate-neutral land sector by 2035, combining emissions from agriculture with net removals from LULUCF."}]}]}, "5edf6b69-64f4-4139-9ea4-dd298cd972a1": {"plaintext": "Before 2020, no specific targets for LULUCF had been set. Regulation (EU) 2018/841 introduced national commitments for 2021-2030, stipulating that EU Member States must balance GHG accounted emissions from this sector with at least an equivalent accounted removal of CO 2 (\u2018no-debit\u2019 rule). This regulation is now being revised to include more ambitious targets:", "@type": "slate", "value": [{"type": "p", "children": [{"text": "Before 2020, no specific targets for LULUCF had been set. "}, {"type": "zotero", "data": {"footnote": "<?xml version=\"1.0\"?>\n<div class=\"csl-bib-body\" style=\"line-height: 1.35; \">\n <div class=\"csl-entry\">EU, 2018, Regulation (EU) 2018/841 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 May 2018 on the inclusion of greenhouse gas emissions and removals from land use, land use change and forestry in the 2030 climate and energy framework, and amending Regulation (EU) No 525/2013 and Decision No 529/2013/EU, OJ L 156, 19.6.2018, p. 1-25.</div>\n</div>\n", "zoteroId": "W5J6DKSA", "uid": "80A4F", "footnoteTitle": "EU, Regulation (EU) 2018/841 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 May 2018 on the inclusion of greenhouse gas emissions and removals from land use, land use change and forestry in the 2030 climate and energy framework, and amending Regulation (EU) No 525/2013 and Decision No 529/2013/EU"}, "children": [{"text": "Regulation (EU) 2018/841"}]}, {"text": " introduced national commitments for 2021-2030, stipulating that EU Member States must balance GHG accounted emissions from this sector with at least an equivalent accounted removal of CO"}, {"type": "sub", "children": [{"text": "2"}]}, {"text": " (\u2018no-debit\u2019 rule). This regulation is now being revised to include more ambitious targets: "}]}]}, "deb7e84d-d2c8-4491-90fa-3dc65fe02143": {"plaintext": "", "required": true, "value": [{"type": "p", "children": [{"text": ""}]}], "readOnlySettings": true, "fixed": true, "@type": "slate", "instructions": {"data": "<p><br/></p>", "content-type": "text/html", "encoding": "utf8"}}, "2d02e244-5401-41d8-9bf8-27211505c392": {"plaintext": "\u00b7 an EU-level net removal target of 310\u00a0MtCO 2 e by 2030, with national LULUCF targets for each Member State", "@type": "slate", "value": [{"type": "p", "children": [{"text": "\u00b7 an EU-level net removal target of 310\u00a0MtCO"}, {"type": "sub", "children": [{"text": "2"}]}, {"text": "e by 2030, with national LULUCF targets for each Member State"}]}]}, "5453ee47-204f-4eed-a6b6-97180a5a73ed": {"plaintext": "However, Member State projections suggest that net removals will decrease at EU level, from an average of 298\u00a0MtCO 2 e per year in 1990-2020 to 191\u00a0MtCO 2 e in 2021-2040. Additional measures reported by Member States are expected to increase average net removals in 2021-2040 (9% compared to existing measures scenario). Given that removals of 190\u00a0MtCO 2 e are expected by 2030 with existing measures and 209\u00a0MtCO 2 e with planned additional measures, the EU is not on track to meet the proposed target of 310\u00a0MtCO 2 e. Therefore, more ambitious removal measures must be implemented by Member States, along with further reductions in emissions.", "@type": "slate", "value": [{"type": "p", "children": [{"text": "However, Member State projections suggest that net removals will decrease at EU level, from an average of 298\u00a0MtCO"}, {"type": "sub", "children": [{"text": "2"}]}, {"text": "e per year in 1990-2020 to 191\u00a0MtCO"}, {"type": "sub", "children": [{"text": "2"}]}, {"text": "e in 2021-2040. Additional measures reported by Member States are expected to increase average net removals in 2021-2040 (9% compared to existing measures scenario). Given that removals of 190\u00a0MtCO"}, {"type": "sub", "children": [{"text": "2"}]}, {"text": "e are expected by 2030 with existing measures and 209\u00a0MtCO"}, {"type": "sub", "children": [{"text": "2"}]}, {"text": "e with planned additional measures, the EU is not on track to meet the proposed target of 310\u00a0MtCO"}, {"type": "sub", "children": [{"text": "2"}]}, {"text": "e. Therefore, more ambitious removal measures must be implemented by Member States, along with further reductions in emissions."}]}]}, "14b4909a-aa3b-45ff-8972-823a252dc2b1": {"plaintext": "In 2020, the EU\u2019s LULUCF sector accounted for the net removal of 230 Mt CO 2 equivalent (MtCO 2 e), equal to 7% of the EU\u2019s total greenhouse gas emissions. However, CO 2 e removals have decreased in the past 10 years, mainly as a result of increased harvest rates. The lower sequestration of carbon by ageing forests in some Member States adds to this decline of net removals. Natural disturbances (e.g. wind throws, forest fires, droughts) cause inter-annual variations, and their increasing frequency has been affecting long-term trends. A decrease in the rate of net forest area gain has also contributed to the reduction in removals, but to a lesser extent. Cropland, grassland, wetlands and settlements are sources of LULUCF emissions at EU level, with managed organic soils accounting for a large proportion of these emissions.", "@type": "slate", "value": [{"type": "p", "children": [{"text": "In 2020, the EU\u2019s LULUCF sector accounted for the net removal of 230 Mt CO"}, {"type": "sub", "children": [{"text": "2"}]}, {"text": " equivalent (MtCO"}, {"type": "sub", "children": [{"text": "2"}]}, {"text": "e), equal to 7% of the EU\u2019s total greenhouse gas emissions. However, CO"}, {"type": "sub", "children": [{"text": "2"}]}, {"text": "e removals have decreased in the past 10 years, mainly as a result of increased harvest rates. The lower sequestration of carbon by ageing forests in some Member States adds to this decline of net removals. Natural disturbances (e.g. wind throws, forest fires, droughts) cause inter-annual variations, and their increasing frequency has been affecting long-term trends. A decrease in the rate of net forest area gain has also contributed to the reduction in removals, but to a lesser extent. Cropland, grassland, wetlands and settlements are sources of LULUCF emissions at EU level, with managed organic soils accounting for a large proportion of these emissions."}]}]}, "8fc0ef0e-3c7a-4941-a0e5-56be0898764e": {"plaintext": "The EU aims to be climate neutral by 2050, as set out in the European Green Deal . Achieving this depends on not only a reduction in emissions, but also an increase in CO 2 removals from the atmosphere. The land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF) sector has the potential to play a key role in achieving net zero greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.", "@type": "slate", "value": [{"type": "p", "children": [{"text": "The EU aims to be climate neutral by 2050, as set out in the "}, {"type": "zotero", "data": {"footnote": "<?xml version=\"1.0\"?>\n<div class=\"csl-bib-body\" style=\"line-height: 1.35; \">\n <div class=\"csl-entry\">EC, 2021, 'A European Green Deal: Striving to be the first climate-neutral continent', <i>European Commission</i> (https://ec.europa.eu/info/strategy/priorities-2019-2024/european-green-deal_en) accessed November 11, 2021.</div>\n</div>\n", "zoteroId": "SZNUYDDV", "uid": "1P9oa", "footnoteTitle": "EC, 2021, A European Green Deal: Striving to be th"}, "children": [{"text": "European Green Deal"}]}, {"text": ". Achieving this depends on not only a reduction in emissions, but also an increase in CO"}, {"type": "sub", "children": [{"text": "2"}]}, {"text": " removals from the atmosphere. 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