Cooling buildings sustainably in Europe: exploring the links between climate change mitigation and adaptation, and their social impacts

Briefing Published 10 Nov 2022 Last modified 26 Apr 2023
29 min read
Photo: © Geralt on pixabay
Across Europe, rising temperatures, combined with an ageing population and urbanisation, mean that the population is becoming more vulnerable to heat and that demand for cooling in buildings is rising rapidly. Buildings, as long-lasting structures, can offer protection from heatwaves and high temperatures if appropriately designed, constructed, renovated and maintained. The summer of 2022, with its successive long heatwaves and high energy prices, may have raised the sense of urgency given to the alleviation of heat stress. But there is a gap in knowledge on the extent of overheating in buildings and data and information is scarce regarding the share of EU citizens unable to keep their homes comfortably cool during the summer. This briefing examines key elements of sustainable cooling policy, and its potential impacts on vulnerable groups, by reducing health risks, inequalities and summer energy poverty.
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Image PNG image FIG1154839SUSTAINABLEINFOGRAPHIC.png 119.3 KB 10 Nov 2022, 03:41 PM Published

The country assessments are the sole responsibility of the EEA member and cooperating countries supported by the EEA through guidance, translation and editing.