Premature deaths attributable to air pollution in 2013

Page Last modified 21 Nov 2016
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Table 10.1 Premature deaths attributable to PM2.5, NO2 and O3 exposure in 41 European countries and the EU-28, 2013

Country  Population PM2.5 NO2 O3
Annual mean (c) Premature deaths Annual mean (c) Premature deaths SOMO35 (c) Premature deaths
Austria 8 451 860 15.7 6 960 19.3 910 5 389 330
Belgium 11 161 642 16.6 10 050 23.6 2 320 2 520 210
Bulgaria 7 284 552 24.1 13 700 16.5 570 4 082 330
Croatia 4 262 140 16.8 4 820 15.8 160 5 989 240
Cyprus 865 878 17.1 450 7.3 < 5 7 900 30
Czech Republic 10 516 125 19.6 12 030 17.1 330 4 266 370
Denmark 5 602 628 9.6 2 890 13 60 2 749 110
Estonia 1 320 174 7.8 690 10.8 < 5 2 545 30
Finland 5 426 674 5.9 1 730 9.4 < 5 2 011 80
France 63 697 865 14.5 45 120 18.7 8 230 4 098 1 780
Germany 80 523 746 14.2 73 400 20.4 10 610 3 506 2 500
Greece 11 003 615 19.7 13 730 14.6 1 490 8 532 840
Hungary 9 908 798 18.2 12 890 16.8 390 4 604 460
Ireland 4 591 087 9.2 1 520 11.6 30 2 043 50
Italy 59 685 227 18.2 66 630 24.5 21 040 6 576 3 380
Latvia 2 023 825 12.8 2 080 13.7 110 2 614 60
Lithuania 2 971 905 13.9 3 170 11.5 < 5 2 703 90
Luxembourg 537 039 14.3 280 23.4 80 3 167 10
Malta 421 364 12.5 230 12 < 5 7 403 20
Netherlands 16 779 575 14.3 11 530 21.3 1 820 2 410 270
Poland 38 062 535 22.8 48 270 16.1 1 610 3 792 1 150
Portugal 9 918 548 10 6 070 14 150 5 091 420
Romania 20 020 074 18.5 25 330 17.9 1 900 2 221 430
Slovakia 5 410 836 20.1 5 620 16 < 5 5 116 200
Slovenia 2 058 821 17.4 1 960 17.6 150 6 540 100
Spain 44 454 505 11 23 940 18 4 280 5 895 1 760
Sweden 9 555 893 6 3 020 11.5 < 5 2 317 160
United Kingdom 63 905 297 11.8 37 930 22.8 11 940 1 606 710
Albania 2 874 545 20.3 2 010 15.9 10 7 179 100
Andorra 76 246 11.9 40 14.3 < 5 7 303 < 5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3 839 265 16 3 620 15.7 80 5 670 180
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia   2 062 294 30.4 3 360 20.8 210 6 326 100
Iceland 321 857 6.5 80 14.3 < 5 1 473 < 5
Kosovo (a) 1 815 606 28 3 530 19.3 230 5 691 100
Liechtenstein 36 838 11.4 20 22.7 10 5 221 < 5
Monaco 36 136 13.8 20 23.2 10 7 795 < 5
Montenegro 620 893 17.1 600 17.2 30 6 674 30
Norway 5 051 275 7.1 1 590 14.4 170 2 443 70
San Marino 33 562 15.1 30 15.4 < 5 5 067 < 5
Serbia 7 181 505 21.1 10 730 20.2 1 340 4 505 320
Switzerland 8 039 060 13.9 4 980 22.4 1 140 4 919 240
Total (b)   467 000 71 000 17 000
EU-28 (b)   436 000 68 000 16 000

Notes
(a) Under the UN Security Council Resolution 1244/99.
(b) Total and EU-28 figures are rounded up or down to the nearest thousand. The national totals to the nearest ten.
(c) The annual mean (in μg/m3) and the SOMO35 (in (μg/m3).day), expressed as population-weighted concentration, is obtained according to the methodology described by ETC/ACM (2016b), and not only from monitoring stations.

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European Environment Agency (EEA)
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