Ecological footprint compared with biocapacity (left), and different components of the footprint (right) in EEA countries, 1961–2006

Figure expired Created 29 Nov 2010 Published 30 Nov 2010 Last modified 26 Aug 2017
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The ecological footprint is a measure of the area needed to support a population's lifestyle. This includes the consumption of food, fuel, wood, and fibres. Pollution, such as carbon dioxide emissions, is also counted as part of the footprint. Biocapacity measures how biologically productive land is. It is measured in 'global hectares': a hectare with the world average biocapacity. Biologically productive land includes cropland, pasture, forests and fisheries




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