next
previous
items

Data table via SPARQL

Indicators

Data table via SPARQL Published 14 Jun 2016 Last modified 07 Aug 2022
35 min read

Download this dataset

Dataset preview

(Live Query)

uri title created modified published language translation_of_uri mps_code serial_title description type_uri isbn prod_id indicator_codes manager_user_id
<http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/total-energy-consumption-outlook-from-iea/total-energy-consumption-outlook-from> "Total energy consumption - outlook from IEA"@en "2006-01-07T23:00:00Z"^^<http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime> "2021-05-11T09:44:40Z"^^<http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime> "2006-06-07T22:00:00Z"^^<http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime> "en" "" "2010"@en "" " If current technological trends continue and government policies that have been adopted are implemented*, world average total (TEC) and final (FEC) energy consumption per capita will increase by about 27.5\u00a0% between 2004 and 2030. The major part of this increase will come from China, India and the transition countries, which include Russia and other EECCA countries, SEE and some EU-10 countries. In contrast to OECD Europe and North America, total energy consumption per capita is growing faster than final energy consumption per capita in Russia, India and China, reflecting the use of less efficient technologies, mostly for power generation. \u00a0 "@en <http://www.eea.europa.eu/portal_types/Assessment#Assessment> "" "IND-47-en" "Outlook030" "velkavrh"@en
<http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/air-pollution-by-ozone-1/assessment> "Air pollution by ozone and health"@en "2012-11-22T10:18:42Z"^^<http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime> "2021-05-11T09:50:32Z"^^<http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime> "2012-11-22T10:30:55Z"^^<http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime> "en" "" "2012 2.0.1"@en "" " \n Ozone is both an important air pollutant and a GHG. Excessive exposure to ground-level ozone is estimated to cause about 20000 premature deaths per year in Europe. \n Attribution of observed ozone exceedances, or changes therein, to individual causes, such as climate change, is difficult. \n Future climate change is expected to increase ozone concentrations but this effect will most likely be outweighed by reduction in ozone levels due to expected future emission reductions. \n "@en <http://www.eea.europa.eu/portal_types/Assessment#Assessment> "" "IND-94-en" "CLIM006" "gonzaal1"@en
<http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/eea32-heavy-metal-hm-emissions-1/assessment-3> "Heavy metal emissions"@en "2013-12-05T05:57:52Z"^^<http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime> "2021-05-11T09:51:10Z"^^<http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime> "2013-12-20T14:08:20Z"^^<http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime> "en" "" "2013 1.1.2"@en "" "\n Across the EEA-33 countries, emissions of lead have decreased by 89%, mercury by 66% and cadmium by 64% between 1990 and 2011. For each substance, the most significant sources in 2011 are from energy-related fuel combustion, particularly from public power and heat generating facilities, and from industrial facilities. \u000d\n Much progress has been made since the early 1990s in reducing point source emissions of cadmium and lead (e.g. emissions from industrial facilities). This has been achieved through improvements in, for example, abatement technologies for wastewater treatment, incinerators and in metal refining and smelting industries, and in some countries by the closure of older industrial facilities as a consequence of economic re-structuring. \u000d\n In the case of mercury, the observed decrease in emissions may be largely attributed to improved controls on mercury cells used in industrial processes (e.g. in the chlor-alkali process) including the\u00a0replacement of old mercury cells by diaphragm or membrane cells, and the general decline of coal use across Europe as a result of fuel switching. \u000d\n The promotion of unleaded petrol within the EU and in other EEA member countries through a combination of fiscal and regulatory measures has been a particular success story. EU Member States have completely phased out the use of leaded petrol, a goal that was regulated by Directive 98/70/EC. From being the largest source of lead emissions in 1990, when it contributed around 76% of the EEA-33 total for lead, emissions from the road transport sector have decreased by nearly 98%. Nevertheless, the road transport sector still remains an important source\u00a0of lead, contributing around 12% of total lead emissions in the EEA-33 region. However since 2004 little progress has been made in reducing emissions further; 97.9% of the total reduction from 1990 emissions of lead had been achieved by 2004. \u000d\n Environmental context: Heavy metals (such as cadmium, lead and mercury) are recognised as being toxic to biota. All are prone to biomagnification, i.e. being progressively accumulated higher up the food chain, such that bioaccumulation in lower organisms at relatively low concentrations can expose higher consumer organisms, including humans, to potentially harmful\u00a0concentrations. In humans they are also of direct concern because of their toxicity, their potential to cause cancer and their potential ability to cause harmful effects at low concentrations. \u000d\n The relative toxic/carcinogenic potencies of heavy metals are compound specific, but exposure to heavy metals has been linked with developmental retardation, various cancers and kidney damage. Metals are persistent throughout the environment, and cadmium, lead and mercury are among those heavy metals that are already a focus of international and EU action. These substances tend not just to be confined to a given geographical region, and thus are not always open to effective local control. For example, in the case of cadmium, much is found in fine particles which do not readily dry-deposit, and therefore have long residence times in the atmosphere and are subject to long-range transport processes. \u000d\n "@en <http://www.eea.europa.eu/portal_types/Assessment#Assessment> "" "IND-171-en" "AIR001" "antogfed"@en
<http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/land-take/land-take-assessment-published-nov-2005> "Land take"@en "2005-05-19T12:16:12Z"^^<http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime> "2021-05-11T09:43:51Z"^^<http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime> "2005-11-08T08:00:00Z"^^<http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime> "en" "" "2010"@en "" " Land take by the expansion of artificial areas and related infrastructure is the main cause of the increase in the coverage of land at the European level. Agricultural zones and, to a lesser extent, forests and semi-natural and natural areas, are disappearing in favour of the development of artificial surfaces. This affects biodiversity since it decreases habitats, the living space of a number of species, and fragments the landscapes that support and connect them. "@en <http://www.eea.europa.eu/portal_types/Assessment#Assessment> "" "IND-19-en" "CSI014" "weber"@en
<http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/number-of-organisations-with-registered/assessment> "Number of organisations with registered environmental management systems according to EMAS and ISO 14001"@en "2012-03-22T09:41:17Z"^^<http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime> "2021-05-11T09:45:22Z"^^<http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime> "2013-04-05T13:35:00Z"^^<http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime> "en" "" "2012 2.5.2"@en "" " The number of organisations registered under the EMAS standard rose by 50% during the period 2003-2010, while organisations from EU countries certified according to the international ISO 14001 standard more than quadrupled in the period 2001-2009. This indicates that private companies and public institutions in the EU are increasingly engaging in environmental management. "@en <http://www.eea.europa.eu/portal_types/Assessment#Assessment> "" "IND-337-en" "SCP033" "reichal"@en
<http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/capacity-of-infrastructure-networks-1/assessment> "Capacity of infrastructure networks"@en "2016-10-06T13:21:38Z"^^<http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime> "2021-05-11T09:47:51Z"^^<http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime> "2016-12-01T09:15:16Z"^^<http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime> "en" "" "2016 1.1.2"@en "" "\n The total length of motorways in the EEA-33 increased by 19\u00a0% between 2004 and 2014. Over the same period, data show a 1 % increase in the total length of both inland waterways and pipelines, while the total length of railway track increased by less than 1\u00a0%. \u000d\n In the EEA-33, the total length of motorways increased by 77 % between 1990 and 2014. This compared with increases of 16 % for inland waterways and 19 % for pipelines. The total length of railways decreased by 9 % over the same time period. \u000d\n Infrastructure length is only a proxy measure for capacity, but the steady decrease in the length of conventional rail infrastructure between 1990 and today indicates a corresponding reduction in capacity. \u00a0 \u000d\n The full extent of the increase in road transport capacity on motorways may be understated, as the total length of motorways may have increased even more than shown because additional lanes are not counted (see the Indicator specification). In contrast, the railway figures give total track length, not length by route. \u000d\n Increasing infrastructure capacity is not always necessary to cope with capacity and congestion problems. Optimisation of the capacity of the existing infrastructure through interconnectivity, interoperability and intermodality still has much potential throughout Europe. In addition, policies to\u00a0 optimise \u00a0network\u00a0usage patterns, such as road pricing, have yet to be fully exploited. The application of these could be environmentally and socially beneficial compared with the construction of new infrastructure. \u000d\n "@en <http://www.eea.europa.eu/portal_types/Assessment#Assessment> "" "IND-177-en" "TERM018" "vedludia"@en
<http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/average-age-of-the-vehicle-fleet/average-age-of-the-vehicle-1> "Average age of the vehicle fleet"@en "2008-11-17T09:53:56Z"^^<http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime> "2021-05-11T09:42:29Z"^^<http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime> "2009-04-20T22:00:00Z"^^<http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime> "en" "" "2010 2.9.2"@en "" " The average age of road vehicles has recorded small changes during the period from 1995 to 2007. The average age of passenger cars, two-wheelers, buses and coaches slightly decreased, while the average age of light and heavy-duty vehicles increased. The registration of new vehicles has increased over the same period, suggesting that the penetration rate of modern technologies is accelerating. "@en <http://www.eea.europa.eu/portal_types/Assessment#Assessment> "" "IND-107-en" "TERM033" "vedludia"@en
<http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/water-retention/water-retention-assessment-published-sep-2008> "Water retention"@en "2008-09-07T22:00:00Z"^^<http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime> "2021-05-11T09:44:54Z"^^<http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime> "2008-09-07T22:00:00Z"^^<http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime> "en" "" "2008 2.3.1"@en "" " Water retention capacity and soil moisture content will be affected by rising temperatures and by a decline in soil organic matter due to both climate change and land-management changes. Projections (for 2071-2100) show a general reduction in summer soil moisture over most of Europe, significant reductions in the Mediterranean region, and increases in the north-eastern part of Europe. Maintaining water retention capacity is important to reducing the impacts of intense rainfall and droughts, which are projected to become more frequent and severe. "@en <http://www.eea.europa.eu/portal_types/Assessment#Assessment> "" "IND-201-en" "CLIM029" "louwagee"@en
<http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/chlorophyll-in-transitional-coastal-and/chlorophyll-in-transitional-coastal-and-2> "Chlorophyll in transitional, coastal and marine waters"@en "2010-11-11T12:47:23Z"^^<http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime> "2021-05-11T09:43:02Z"^^<http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime> "2011-07-06T14:05:27Z"^^<http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime> "en" "" "2010 1.5.2"@en "" " In 2008, the highest summer chlorophyll-a concentrations were observed in coastal areas and estuaries where nutrient concentrations are high, namely in the Gulf of Riga, the Gulf of Finland and along the coast of France and Belgium. Although nutrient concentrations in some European sea areas decreased from 1985 to 2008 (see Core Set Indicator 21), these changes were not clearly reflected in chlorophyll-a concentrations: of the 546 stations reported to the EEA the majority of the stations (89%) indicated no statistically significant change. Changes were detected mainly in Finnish, Dutch, Norwegian, Swedish\u00a0and Italian coastal waters. At the Finnish and Swedish monitoring stations chlorophyll-a concentrations showed both decreasing and increasing trends, whereas in Italy, Netherlands and Norway\u00a0concentrations were mainly decreasing. An analysis of changes based on satellite imagery show significantly increasing trends of ocean colour (equivalent to chl-a)along the Mediterranean coast, whereas trends are significantly decreasing\u00a0in large parts of the central Mediterranean\u00a0and Black Seas.\u00a0It also shows significantly increasing trends in the Baltic Sea, but here the analysis is less certain. \n \u00a0 \n"@en <http://www.eea.europa.eu/portal_types/Assessment#Assessment> "" "IND-18-en" "CSI023" "carvacon"@en
<http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/fishing-fleet-capacity/fishing-fleet-capacity-assessment-published-1> "Fishing fleet capacity"@en "2008-03-05T13:14:23Z"^^<http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime> "2021-05-11T09:43:22Z"^^<http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime> "2009-02-17T23:00:00Z"^^<http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime> "en" "" "2010"@en "" " The EFTA fleet increased slightly in terms of power (~ 3%) and decreased slightly in tonnage (~ 2%) but the number of vessels decreased by 40%. The slight decrease in tonnage in the EFTA countries for this period is preceded by an increase so given the whole period 1989-2006 there has been a 25 % increase in tonnage in the EFTA countries. The most recent new member countries Bulgaria and Romania showed a decrease in tonnage (69%) and number of vessels (56 %) in the period 1989-1995. The size of the EU fishing fleet is following a downward trend, with reductions in power (17%), tonnage (12%) and numbers (20%) in the period 1998-2006. In EU-15 and EFTA countries the average size of vessels has increased by 11% and 65% respectively, in EU-7 countries and Romania and Bulgaria the average size has decreased by 76% and 29%. Similarly, the combined fleet of the EU-7countries decreased its tonnage by 68 % over 1995-2006 but at the same time their number of vessels increased substantially (by 34%).\u00a0 "@en <http://www.eea.europa.eu/portal_types/Assessment#Assessment> "" "IND-31-en" "CSI034" "carvacon"@en

Received 926 rows in 0.225 seconds.


https://www.eea.europa.eu/code/api/indicators/daviz.json

For system integrators

The following info can be used by a system developer / database administrator in order to retrieve this dataset programmatically over the web using a SPARQL client.

Are you new to Linked Data technology? visit http://linkeddata.org



http://semantic.eea.europa.eu/sparql

PREFIX rdf: <http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#>
PREFIX eea: <http://www.eea.europa.eu/ontologies.rdf#>
PREFIX amp:<http://rdfdata.eionet.europa.eu/amp/ontology/> 
PREFIX prod: <http://www.eea.europa.eu/portal_types/Assessment#>
PREFIX spec: <http://www.eea.europa.eu/portal_types/Specification#>
PREFIX dc: <http://purl.org/dc/terms/>
PREFIX schema: <http://schema.org/>

SELECT DISTINCT 
?subject as ?uri
?title
?created
?modified
?published
lang(?title) as ?language
?translation_of_uri
?mps_code
?serial_title
?description
?type_uri
?isbn
?prod_id
sql:GROUP_CONCAT_DISTINCT(?indicator_codes,', ') as ?indicator_codes
?manager_user_id
WHERE {
  ?subject rdf:type ?type_uri. 
  filter (?type_uri = prod:Assessment) .
  ?subject dc:title ?title .
  ?subject dc:created ?created .
  ?subject dc:modified ?modified .
  ?subject dc:issued ?published .
  ?subject dc:isPartOf ?spec .
  OPTIONAL { ?spec spec:codes ?indicator_codes } .
  OPTIONAL { ?spec spec:manager_user_id ?manager_user_id } .
  OPTIONAL { ?subject eea:isTranslationOf ?translation_of_uri } .
  OPTIONAL { ?subject amp:managementPlan ?mps_code } .
  OPTIONAL { ?subject prod:serial_title ?serial_title } .
  OPTIONAL { ?subject dc:description ?description } .
  OPTIONAL { ?subject prod:isbn ?isbn } .
  OPTIONAL { ?subject schema:productID ?prod_id } .
}


Permalinks

Geographic coverage

Temporal coverage

Tags

Filed under:
Filed under: indicators
Document Actions