Towards a more sustainable transport system

Transport underpins our society. It connects people, cities, countries and economies, fostering growth and employment. Nevertheless, transport remains a major source of environmental pressures in Europe, accounting for more than a fifth of greenhouse gas emissions, most of which are generated by road transport.

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Train travel remains overall the most environmentally friendly mode of motorised passenger transport in Europe — in terms of greenhouse gas emissions — as compared to travelling by car or plane, according to two transport and environment studies published by the European Environment Agency (EEA) today.

According to provisional data, published today by the European Environment Agency (EEA), average carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from new passenger cars registered in the European Union (EU), Iceland, Norway and the United Kingdom (UK), increased in 2019, for the third consecutive year. The average CO2 emissions from new vans also increased slightly. Zero- and low-emission vehicles must be deployed much faster across Europe to achieve the stricter targets that apply from 2020.

Average carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from new cars registered in the European Union (EU), the United Kingdom (UK) and Iceland increased in 2018 for the second year in a row, according to final data published today by the European Environment Agency (EEA). For the first time, average CO2 emissions from new vans also increased in 2018. More efforts are needed from manufacturers to reduce vehicle CO2 emissions.

Published: 24 Mar 2021

The EU and governments around the world have adopted the United Nations (UN) 2030 agenda for sustainable development (UN, 2015b) and the Paris Agreement on climate change (UN, 2015a). The recently adopted European Green Deal forms part of the European Commission's strategy to implement the UN 2030 agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The ambition is to achieve climate neutrality by 2050.

Published: 24 Mar 2021

A new study commissioned by the EEA shows a clear hierarchy of passenger and freight transport modes, in terms of their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Rail and waterborne transport have the lowest emissions per kilometre and unit transported, while aviation and road transport emit significantly more.

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