Use of renewable energy for transport in Europe

The share of energy from renewable sources used for transport in the EU increased from under 2% in 2005 to almost 9% in 2019. Preliminary EEA data indicate that in 2020, this increased further to 10.1%. This suggests that collectively the EU countries reached the 10% target for share of energy from renewable sources in all forms of transport. However, EEA preliminary estimates show that this target was actually achieved by less than half of EU Member States.

Published: ‒ 25min read

Figure 1. Share of energy from renewable sources used in transport in Europe
date_originalDateCountryobsValueproxy2020 target
2020-01-012020 proxyAustria1210
2020-01-012020 proxyBelgium11.110
2020-01-012020 proxyBulgaria7.610
2020-01-012020 proxyCyprus8.910
2020-01-012020 proxyCzechia8.410
2020-01-012020 proxyGermany9.910
2020-01-012020 proxyDenmark8.910
2020-01-012020 proxyEstonia5.310
2020-01-012020 proxyGreece5.310
2020-01-012020 proxySpain7.710
2020-01-012020 proxyEU-2710.110
2020-01-012020 proxyEU-2810.310
2020-01-012020 proxyFinland21.410
2020-01-012020 proxyFrance9.610
2020-01-012020 proxyCroatia510
2020-01-012020 proxyHungary1110
2020-01-012020 proxyIreland10.210
2020-01-012020 proxyIceland9.210
2020-01-012020 proxyItaly10.710
2020-01-012020 proxyLithuania5.710
2020-01-012020 proxyLuxembourg11.910
2020-01-012020 proxyLatvia6.410
2020-01-012020 proxyMalta10.710
2020-01-012020 proxyNetherlands13.310
2020-01-012020 proxyNorway2310
2020-01-012020 proxyPoland6.610
2020-01-012020 proxyPortugal10.710
2020-01-012020 proxyRomania810
2020-01-012020 proxySweden29.310
2020-01-012020 proxySlovenia10.810
2020-01-012020 proxySlovakia7.210
2020-01-012020 proxyUnited Kingdom12.210
2021-01-012020 targetPoland1010
2021-01-012020 targetAustria1010
2021-01-012020 targetBelgium1010
2021-01-012020 targetBulgaria1010
2021-01-012020 targetCyprus1010
2021-01-012020 targetCzechia1010
2021-01-012020 targetGermany1010
2021-01-012020 targetDenmark1010
2021-01-012020 targetEstonia1010
2021-01-012020 targetGreece1010
2021-01-012020 targetSpain1010
2021-01-012020 targetEU-281010
2021-01-012020 targetFinland1010
2021-01-012020 targetFrance1010
2021-01-012020 targetCroatia1010
2021-01-012020 targetHungary1010
2021-01-012020 targetIreland1010
2021-01-012020 targetIceland1010
2021-01-012020 targetItaly1010
2021-01-012020 targetLithuania1010
2021-01-012020 targetLuxembourg1010
2021-01-012020 targetLatvia1010
2021-01-012020 targetMalta1010
2021-01-012020 targetNetherlands1010
2021-01-012020 targetNorway1010
2021-01-012020 targetPortugal1010
2021-01-012020 targetRomania1010
2021-01-012020 targetSweden1010
2021-01-012020 targetSlovenia1010
2021-01-012020 targetSlovakia1010
2021-01-012020 targetUnited Kingdom1010
2021-01-012020 targetEU-271010
2004-01-012004EU-271.610
2004-01-012004Austria4.510
2004-01-012004Belgium0.610
2004-01-012004Bulgaria110
2004-01-012004Cyprus10
2004-01-012004Czechia1.210
2004-01-012004Germany2.110
2004-01-012004Denmark0.410
2004-01-012004Estonia0.210
2004-01-012004Greece0.110
2004-01-012004Spain110
2004-01-012004EU-281.410
2004-01-012004Finland110
2004-01-012004France1.610
2004-01-012004Croatia110
2004-01-012004Hungary110
2004-01-012004Ireland10
2004-01-012004Iceland10
2004-01-012004Italy1.210
2004-01-012004Lithuania0.410
2004-01-012004Luxembourg0.110
2004-01-012004Latvia2.110
2004-01-012004Malta10
2004-01-012004Netherlands0.510
2004-01-012004Norway3.110
2004-01-012004Poland1.610
2004-01-012004Portugal0.410
2004-01-012004Romania1.810
2004-01-012004Sweden6.310
2004-01-012004Slovenia0.910
2004-01-012004Slovakia1.510
2004-01-012004United Kingdom0.410
2005-01-012005EU-27210
2005-01-012005Austria5.110
2005-01-012005Belgium0.710
2005-01-012005Bulgaria0.910
2005-01-012005Cyprus10
2005-01-012005Czechia1.110
2005-01-012005Germany410
2005-01-012005Denmark0.410
2005-01-012005Estonia0.210
2005-01-012005Greece0.110
2005-01-012005Spain1.310
2005-01-012005EU-281.810
2005-01-012005Finland0.910
2005-01-012005France2.110
2005-01-012005Croatia110
2005-01-012005Hungary110
2005-01-012005Ireland0.110
2005-01-012005Iceland10
2005-01-012005Italy110
2005-01-012005Lithuania0.710
2005-01-012005Luxembourg0.210
2005-01-012005Latvia2.410
2005-01-012005Malta10
2005-01-012005Netherlands0.510
2005-01-012005Norway310
2005-01-012005Poland1.710
2005-01-012005Portugal0.510
2005-01-012005Romania1.910
2005-01-012005Sweden6.610
2005-01-012005Slovenia0.810
2005-01-012005Slovakia1.710
2005-01-012005United Kingdom0.510
2006-01-012006EU-272.710
2006-01-012006Austria7.510
2006-01-012006Belgium0.610
2006-01-012006Bulgaria110
2006-01-012006Cyprus10
2006-01-012006Czechia1.110
2006-01-012006Germany6.710
2006-01-012006Denmark0.510
2006-01-012006Estonia0.210
2006-01-012006Greece0.710
2006-01-012006Spain0.810
2006-01-012006EU-282.510
2006-01-012006Finland110
2006-01-012006France2.410
2006-01-012006Croatia110
2006-01-012006Hungary1.210
2006-01-012006Ireland0.110
2006-01-012006Iceland10
2006-01-012006Italy110
2006-01-012006Lithuania1.910
2006-01-012006Luxembourg0.210
2006-01-012006Latvia2.210
2006-01-012006Malta10
2006-01-012006Netherlands0.910
2006-01-012006Norway3.310
2006-01-012006Poland1.810
2006-01-012006Portugal1.610
2006-01-012006Romania1.510
2006-01-012006Sweden7.510
2006-01-012006Slovenia1.110
2006-01-012006Slovakia3.310
2006-01-012006United Kingdom0.810
2007-01-012007EU-273.410
2007-01-012007Austria8.210
2007-01-012007Belgium0.610
2007-01-012007Bulgaria110
2007-01-012007Cyprus10
2007-01-012007Czechia110
2007-01-012007Germany7.510
2007-01-012007Denmark0.510
2007-01-012007Estonia0.210
2007-01-012007Greece1.310
2007-01-012007Spain1.410
2007-01-012007EU-283.110
2007-01-012007Finland110
2007-01-012007France410
2007-01-012007Croatia1.110
2007-01-012007Hungary1.610
2007-01-012007Ireland0.510
2007-01-012007Iceland0.110
2007-01-012007Italy110
2007-01-012007Lithuania3.810
2007-01-012007Luxembourg2.210
2007-01-012007Latvia1.710
2007-01-012007Malta10
2007-01-012007Netherlands3.210
2007-01-012007Norway3.710
2007-01-012007Poland1.710
2007-01-012007Portugal2.410
2007-01-012007Romania1.610
2007-01-012007Sweden8.410
2007-01-012007Slovenia1.510
2007-01-012007Slovakia410
2007-01-012007United Kingdom1.210
2008-01-012008EU-274.110
2008-01-012008Austria9.610
2008-01-012008Belgium0.710
2008-01-012008Bulgaria0.910
2008-01-012008Cyprus1.910
2008-01-012008Czechia2.810
2008-01-012008Germany6.310
2008-01-012008Denmark0.510
2008-01-012008Estonia0.210
2008-01-012008Greece1.110
2008-01-012008Spain2.210
2008-01-012008EU-283.910
2008-01-012008Finland2.910
2008-01-012008France6.210
2008-01-012008Croatia1.110
2008-01-012008Hungary5.210
2008-01-012008Ireland1.310
2008-01-012008Iceland0.110
2008-01-012008Italy2.610
2008-01-012008Lithuania4.310
2008-01-012008Luxembourg2.210
2008-01-012008Latvia1.710
2008-01-012008Malta10
2008-01-012008Netherlands310
2008-01-012008Norway5.310
2008-01-012008Poland4.110
2008-01-012008Portugal2.510
2008-01-012008Romania1.310
2008-01-012008Sweden8.710
2008-01-012008Slovenia1.810
2008-01-012008Slovakia4.310
2008-01-012008United Kingdom2.310
2009-01-012009EU-274.910
2009-01-012009Austria11.210
2009-01-012009Belgium2.210
2009-01-012009Bulgaria1.110
2009-01-012009Cyprus210
2009-01-012009Czechia4.310
2009-01-012009Germany5.910
2009-01-012009Denmark0.710
2009-01-012009Estonia0.410
2009-01-012009Greece1.110
2009-01-012009Spain3.710
2009-01-012009EU-284.610
2009-01-012009Finland4.610
2009-01-012009France6.610
2009-01-012009Croatia1.310
2009-01-012009Hungary5.910
2009-01-012009Ireland210
2009-01-012009Iceland0.110
2009-01-012009Italy410
2009-01-012009Lithuania4.510
2009-01-012009Luxembourg2.210
2009-01-012009Latvia1.910
2009-01-012009Malta10
2009-01-012009Netherlands4.610
2009-01-012009Norway5.510
2009-01-012009Poland5.410
2009-01-012009Portugal3.910
2009-01-012009Romania1.310
2009-01-012009Sweden9.410
2009-01-012009Slovenia2.310
2009-01-012009Slovakia5.410
2009-01-012009United Kingdom2.910
2010-01-012010EU-275.510
2010-01-012010Austria10.710
2010-01-012010Belgium4.810
2010-01-012010Bulgaria1.510
2010-01-012010Cyprus210
2010-01-012010Czechia5.210
2010-01-012010Germany6.410
2010-01-012010Denmark1.210
2010-01-012010Estonia0.410
2010-01-012010Greece1.910
2010-01-012010Spain510
2010-01-012010EU-285.210
2010-01-012010Finland4.410
2010-01-012010France6.610
2010-01-012010Croatia1.110
2010-01-012010Hungary6.210
2010-01-012010Ireland2.510
2010-01-012010Iceland0.210
2010-01-012010Italy4.910
2010-01-012010Lithuania3.810
2010-01-012010Luxembourg2.110
2010-01-012010Latvia410
2010-01-012010Malta10
2010-01-012010Netherlands3.410
2010-01-012010Norway5.410
2010-01-012010Poland6.610
2010-01-012010Portugal5.510
2010-01-012010Romania1.410
2010-01-012010Sweden9.610
2010-01-012010Slovenia3.110
2010-01-012010Slovakia5.310
2010-01-012010United Kingdom3.310
2011-01-012011EU-274.110
2011-01-012011Austria10.110
2011-01-012011Belgium4.810
2011-01-012011Bulgaria0.910
2011-01-012011Cyprus10
2011-01-012011Czechia1.310
2011-01-012011Germany6.510
2011-01-012011Denmark3.610
2011-01-012011Estonia0.410
2011-01-012011Greece0.610
2011-01-012011Spain0.810
2011-01-012011EU-28410
2011-01-012011Finland110
2011-01-012011France110
2011-01-012011Croatia110
2011-01-012011Hungary6.210
2011-01-012011Ireland3.810
2011-01-012011Iceland0.910
2011-01-012011Italy5.110
2011-01-012011Lithuania3.810
2011-01-012011Luxembourg2.410
2011-01-012011Latvia4.110
2011-01-012011Malta210
2011-01-012011Netherlands5.110
2011-01-012011Norway2.810
2011-01-012011Poland6.910
2011-01-012011Portugal0.710
2011-01-012011Romania2.910
2011-01-012011Sweden11.910
2011-01-012011Slovenia2.510
2011-01-012011Slovakia5.710
2011-01-012011United Kingdom3.210
2012-01-012012EU-275.810
2012-01-012012Austria1010
2012-01-012012Belgium4.910
2012-01-012012Bulgaria0.710
2012-01-012012Cyprus10
2012-01-012012Czechia6.210
2012-01-012012Germany7.310
2012-01-012012Denmark6.310
2012-01-012012Estonia0.510
2012-01-012012Greece0.910
2012-01-012012Spain0.910
2012-01-012012EU-285.210
2012-01-012012Finland1.110
2012-01-012012France7.410
2012-01-012012Croatia110
2012-01-012012Hungary610
2012-01-012012Ireland410
2012-01-012012Iceland1.310
2012-01-012012Italy6.210
2012-01-012012Lithuania510
2012-01-012012Luxembourg2.810
2012-01-012012Latvia410
2012-01-012012Malta3.210
2012-01-012012Netherlands5.210
2012-01-012012Norway3.210
2012-01-012012Poland6.510
2012-01-012012Portugal0.810
2012-01-012012Romania510
2012-01-012012Sweden13.810
2012-01-012012Slovenia3.310
2012-01-012012Slovakia5.610
2012-01-012012United Kingdom1.710
2013-01-012013EU-276.110
2013-01-012013Austria9.710
2013-01-012013Belgium5.110
2013-01-012013Bulgaria5.910
2013-01-012013Cyprus1.110
2013-01-012013Czechia6.410
2013-01-012013Germany7.310
2013-01-012013Denmark6.510
2013-01-012013Estonia0.410
2013-01-012013Greece110
2013-01-012013Spain110
2013-01-012013EU-285.510
2013-01-012013Finland10.710
2013-01-012013France7.610
2013-01-012013Croatia2.710
2013-01-012013Hungary6.310
2013-01-012013Ireland4.910
2013-01-012013Iceland2.110
2013-01-012013Italy5.410
2013-01-012013Lithuania4.810
2013-01-012013Luxembourg4.110
2013-01-012013Latvia410
2013-01-012013Malta3.510
2013-01-012013Netherlands5.310
2013-01-012013Norway3.310
2013-01-012013Poland6.710
2013-01-012013Portugal0.910
2013-01-012013Romania5.410
2013-01-012013Sweden15.310
2013-01-012013Slovenia3.810
2013-01-012013Slovakia6.210
2013-01-012013United Kingdom1.810
2014-01-012014EU-276.610
2014-01-012014Austria1110
2014-01-012014Belgium5.810
2014-01-012014Bulgaria5.710
2014-01-012014Cyprus2.710
2014-01-012014Czechia710
2014-01-012014Germany6.910
2014-01-012014Denmark6.610
2014-01-012014Estonia0.410
2014-01-012014Greece1.310
2014-01-012014Spain110
2014-01-012014EU-285.910
2014-01-012014Finland24.510
2014-01-012014France8.210
2014-01-012014Croatia2.710
2014-01-012014Hungary710
2014-01-012014Ireland5.210
2014-01-012014Iceland2.810
2014-01-012014Italy510
2014-01-012014Lithuania4.410
2014-01-012014Luxembourg5.610
2014-01-012014Latvia4.110
2014-01-012014Malta4.710
2014-01-012014Netherlands6.610
2014-01-012014Norway6.410
2014-01-012014Poland6.310
2014-01-012014Portugal3.710
2014-01-012014Romania4.710
2014-01-012014Sweden18.810
2014-01-012014Slovenia2.910
2014-01-012014Slovakia810
2014-01-012014United Kingdom1.910
2015-01-012015EU-276.810
2015-01-012015Austria11.410
2015-01-012015Belgium3.910
2015-01-012015Bulgaria6.510
2015-01-012015Cyprus2.510
2015-01-012015Czechia6.510
2015-01-012015Germany6.610
2015-01-012015Denmark6.410
2015-01-012015Estonia0.410
2015-01-012015Greece1.110
2015-01-012015Spain1.110
2015-01-012015EU-286.510
2015-01-012015Finland24.810
2015-01-012015France8.410
2015-01-012015Croatia2.410
2015-01-012015Hungary7.210
2015-01-012015Ireland5.910
2015-01-012015Iceland6.210
2015-01-012015Italy6.510
2015-01-012015Lithuania4.610
2015-01-012015Luxembourg6.710
2015-01-012015Latvia3.610
2015-01-012015Malta4.710
2015-01-012015Netherlands5.510
2015-01-012015Norway7.810
2015-01-012015Poland5.710
2015-01-012015Portugal7.410
2015-01-012015Romania5.510
2015-01-012015Sweden21.510
2015-01-012015Slovenia2.210
2015-01-012015Slovakia8.610
2015-01-012015United Kingdom4.510
2016-01-012016EU-277.210
2016-01-012016Austria10.610
2016-01-012016Belgium610
2016-01-012016Bulgaria7.210
2016-01-012016Cyprus2.710
2016-01-012016Czechia6.510
2016-01-012016Germany710
2016-01-012016Denmark6.710
2016-01-012016Estonia0.410
2016-01-012016Greece1.610
2016-01-012016Spain5.210
2016-01-012016EU-286.910
2016-01-012016Finland8.910
2016-01-012016France8.410
2016-01-012016Croatia1.210
2016-01-012016Hungary7.810
2016-01-012016Ireland5.210
2016-01-012016Iceland610
2016-01-012016Italy7.410
2016-01-012016Lithuania3.610
2016-01-012016Luxembourg610
2016-01-012016Latvia2.410
2016-01-012016Malta5.310
2016-01-012016Netherlands4.910
2016-01-012016Norway1410
2016-01-012016Poland410
2016-01-012016Portugal7.610
2016-01-012016Romania6.210
2016-01-012016Sweden26.610
2016-01-012016Slovenia1.610
2016-01-012016Slovakia7.810
2016-01-012016United Kingdom510
2017-01-012017EU-277.510
2017-01-012017Austria9.710
2017-01-012017Belgium6.610
2017-01-012017Bulgaria7.310
2017-01-012017Cyprus2.610
2017-01-012017Czechia6.610
2017-01-012017Germany710
2017-01-012017Denmark6.910
2017-01-012017Estonia0.410
2017-01-012017Greece410
2017-01-012017Spain5.810
2017-01-012017EU-287.110
2017-01-012017Finland18.810
2017-01-012017France8.810
2017-01-012017Croatia1.210
2017-01-012017Hungary7.710
2017-01-012017Ireland7.410
2017-01-012017Iceland6.710
2017-01-012017Italy6.510
2017-01-012017Lithuania4.310
2017-01-012017Luxembourg6.510
2017-01-012017Latvia2.310
2017-01-012017Malta6.810
2017-01-012017Netherlands610
2017-01-012017Norway19.910
2017-01-012017Poland4.210
2017-01-012017Portugal7.910
2017-01-012017Romania6.610
2017-01-012017Sweden26.810
2017-01-012017Slovenia2.610
2017-01-012017Slovakia710
2017-01-012017United Kingdom4.810
2018-01-012018Portugal910
2018-01-012018Romania6.310
2018-01-012018Sweden29.710
2018-01-012018Slovenia5.510
2018-01-012018Slovakia710
2018-01-012018United Kingdom6.510
2018-01-012018EU-278.310
2018-01-012018Iceland8.210
2018-01-012018Austria9.910
2018-01-012018Belgium6.710
2018-01-012018Bulgaria8.110
2018-01-012018Cyprus2.710
2018-01-012018Czechia6.610
2018-01-012018Germany7.910
2018-01-012018Denmark6.910
2018-01-012018Estonia3.310
2018-01-012018Greece4.110
2018-01-012018Spain6.910
2018-01-012018EU-288.110
2018-01-012018Finland17.710
2018-01-012018France910
2018-01-012018Croatia2.610
2018-01-012018Hungary7.710
2018-01-012018Ireland7.210
2018-01-012018Italy7.710
2018-01-012018Lithuania4.310
2018-01-012018Luxembourg6.610
2018-01-012018Latvia4.710
2018-01-012018Malta810
2018-01-012018Netherlands9.610
2018-01-012018Norway21.510
2018-01-012018Poland5.710
2019-01-012019Austria9.810
2019-01-012019Belgium6.810
2019-01-012019Bulgaria7.910
2019-01-012019Cyprus3.310
2019-01-012019Czechia7.810
2019-01-012019Germany7.710
2019-01-012019Denmark7.210
2019-01-012019Estonia5.110
2019-01-012019Greece410
2019-01-012019Spain7.610
2019-01-012019EU-278.910
2019-01-012019EU-288.910
2019-01-012019Finland21.310
2019-01-012019France9.210
2019-01-012019Croatia5.910
2019-01-012019Hungary810
2019-01-012019Ireland8.910
2019-01-012019Iceland910
2019-01-012019Italy910
2019-01-012019Lithuania410
2019-01-012019Luxembourg7.710
2019-01-012019Latvia5.110
2019-01-012019Malta8.710
2019-01-012019Netherlands12.510
2019-01-012019Norway27.310
2019-01-012019Poland6.110
2019-01-012019Portugal9.110
2019-01-012019Romania7.810
2019-01-012019Sweden30.310
2019-01-012019Slovenia810
2019-01-012019Slovakia8.310
2019-01-012019United Kingdom8.910

In 2009, the Renewable Energy Directive (RED; 2009/28/EC) set the target for each Member State, whereby 10% of all energy used in transport should be from renewable sources by 2020. The RED also introduced sustainability criteria and, since 2011, only biofuels that comply with these criteria count towards the share.

In 2019, 8.9% of the total energy used in transport in the EU was from renewable sources, following a steady increase in this share since 2005, when it was just under 2%. Preliminary EEA estimates suggest that this share further increased to 10.1% in 2020. This indicates that the 2020 target of 10% was reached at the EU level, although the uncertainty of preliminary estimates means that final statistics may reveal the target was narrowly missed or achieved by a higher margin. The increase was mainly the result of an expansion in the use of biofuels across Europe: between 2011 and 2019, energy used in transport that came from RED-compliant biofuels doubled. Meanwhile, the electrification of road and rail transport has played a small role in the progress made so far.

In 2018, the RED recast strengthened the sustainability criteria for bioenergy and set a new goal for 2030, increasing the target for the share of renewable energy used in transport to 14% by 2030.

Figure 2. Share of energy from renewable sources used in transport in Europe
date_originalDateCountryobsValueproxy2020 target
2020-01-012020 proxyAustria1210
2020-01-012020 proxyBelgium11.110
2020-01-012020 proxyBulgaria7.610
2020-01-012020 proxyCyprus8.910
2020-01-012020 proxyCzechia8.410
2020-01-012020 proxyGermany9.910
2020-01-012020 proxyDenmark8.910
2020-01-012020 proxyEstonia5.310
2020-01-012020 proxyGreece5.310
2020-01-012020 proxySpain7.710
2020-01-012020 proxyEU-2710.110
2020-01-012020 proxyEU-2810.310
2020-01-012020 proxyFinland21.410
2020-01-012020 proxyFrance9.610
2020-01-012020 proxyCroatia510
2020-01-012020 proxyHungary1110
2020-01-012020 proxyIreland10.210
2020-01-012020 proxyIceland9.210
2020-01-012020 proxyItaly10.710
2020-01-012020 proxyLithuania5.710
2020-01-012020 proxyLuxembourg11.910
2020-01-012020 proxyLatvia6.410
2020-01-012020 proxyMalta10.710
2020-01-012020 proxyNetherlands13.310
2020-01-012020 proxyNorway2310
2020-01-012020 proxyPoland6.610
2020-01-012020 proxyPortugal10.710
2020-01-012020 proxyRomania810
2020-01-012020 proxySweden29.310
2020-01-012020 proxySlovenia10.810
2020-01-012020 proxySlovakia7.210
2020-01-012020 proxyUnited Kingdom12.210
2021-01-012020 targetPoland1010
2021-01-012020 targetAustria1010
2021-01-012020 targetBelgium1010
2021-01-012020 targetBulgaria1010
2021-01-012020 targetCyprus1010
2021-01-012020 targetCzechia1010
2021-01-012020 targetGermany1010
2021-01-012020 targetDenmark1010
2021-01-012020 targetEstonia1010
2021-01-012020 targetGreece1010
2021-01-012020 targetSpain1010
2021-01-012020 targetEU-281010
2021-01-012020 targetFinland1010
2021-01-012020 targetFrance1010
2021-01-012020 targetCroatia1010
2021-01-012020 targetHungary1010
2021-01-012020 targetIreland1010
2021-01-012020 targetIceland1010
2021-01-012020 targetItaly1010
2021-01-012020 targetLithuania1010
2021-01-012020 targetLuxembourg1010
2021-01-012020 targetLatvia1010
2021-01-012020 targetMalta1010
2021-01-012020 targetNetherlands1010
2021-01-012020 targetNorway1010
2021-01-012020 targetPortugal1010
2021-01-012020 targetRomania1010
2021-01-012020 targetSweden1010
2021-01-012020 targetSlovenia1010
2021-01-012020 targetSlovakia1010
2021-01-012020 targetUnited Kingdom1010
2021-01-012020 targetEU-271010
2004-01-012004EU-271.610
2004-01-012004Austria4.510
2004-01-012004Belgium0.610
2004-01-012004Bulgaria110
2004-01-012004Cyprus10
2004-01-012004Czechia1.210
2004-01-012004Germany2.110
2004-01-012004Denmark0.410
2004-01-012004Estonia0.210
2004-01-012004Greece0.110
2004-01-012004Spain110
2004-01-012004EU-281.410
2004-01-012004Finland110
2004-01-012004France1.610
2004-01-012004Croatia110
2004-01-012004Hungary110
2004-01-012004Ireland10
2004-01-012004Iceland10
2004-01-012004Italy1.210
2004-01-012004Lithuania0.410
2004-01-012004Luxembourg0.110
2004-01-012004Latvia2.110
2004-01-012004Malta10
2004-01-012004Netherlands0.510
2004-01-012004Norway3.110
2004-01-012004Poland1.610
2004-01-012004Portugal0.410
2004-01-012004Romania1.810
2004-01-012004Sweden6.310
2004-01-012004Slovenia0.910
2004-01-012004Slovakia1.510
2004-01-012004United Kingdom0.410
2005-01-012005EU-27210
2005-01-012005Austria5.110
2005-01-012005Belgium0.710
2005-01-012005Bulgaria0.910
2005-01-012005Cyprus10
2005-01-012005Czechia1.110
2005-01-012005Germany410
2005-01-012005Denmark0.410
2005-01-012005Estonia0.210
2005-01-012005Greece0.110
2005-01-012005Spain1.310
2005-01-012005EU-281.810
2005-01-012005Finland0.910
2005-01-012005France2.110
2005-01-012005Croatia110
2005-01-012005Hungary110
2005-01-012005Ireland0.110
2005-01-012005Iceland10
2005-01-012005Italy110
2005-01-012005Lithuania0.710
2005-01-012005Luxembourg0.210
2005-01-012005Latvia2.410
2005-01-012005Malta10
2005-01-012005Netherlands0.510
2005-01-012005Norway310
2005-01-012005Poland1.710
2005-01-012005Portugal0.510
2005-01-012005Romania1.910
2005-01-012005Sweden6.610
2005-01-012005Slovenia0.810
2005-01-012005Slovakia1.710
2005-01-012005United Kingdom0.510
2006-01-012006EU-272.710
2006-01-012006Austria7.510
2006-01-012006Belgium0.610
2006-01-012006Bulgaria110
2006-01-012006Cyprus10
2006-01-012006Czechia1.110
2006-01-012006Germany6.710
2006-01-012006Denmark0.510
2006-01-012006Estonia0.210
2006-01-012006Greece0.710
2006-01-012006Spain0.810
2006-01-012006EU-282.510
2006-01-012006Finland110
2006-01-012006France2.410
2006-01-012006Croatia110
2006-01-012006Hungary1.210
2006-01-012006Ireland0.110
2006-01-012006Iceland10
2006-01-012006Italy110
2006-01-012006Lithuania1.910
2006-01-012006Luxembourg0.210
2006-01-012006Latvia2.210
2006-01-012006Malta10
2006-01-012006Netherlands0.910
2006-01-012006Norway3.310
2006-01-012006Poland1.810
2006-01-012006Portugal1.610
2006-01-012006Romania1.510
2006-01-012006Sweden7.510
2006-01-012006Slovenia1.110
2006-01-012006Slovakia3.310
2006-01-012006United Kingdom0.810
2007-01-012007EU-273.410
2007-01-012007Austria8.210
2007-01-012007Belgium0.610
2007-01-012007Bulgaria110
2007-01-012007Cyprus10
2007-01-012007Czechia110
2007-01-012007Germany7.510
2007-01-012007Denmark0.510
2007-01-012007Estonia0.210
2007-01-012007Greece1.310
2007-01-012007Spain1.410
2007-01-012007EU-283.110
2007-01-012007Finland110
2007-01-012007France410
2007-01-012007Croatia1.110
2007-01-012007Hungary1.610
2007-01-012007Ireland0.510
2007-01-012007Iceland0.110
2007-01-012007Italy110
2007-01-012007Lithuania3.810
2007-01-012007Luxembourg2.210
2007-01-012007Latvia1.710
2007-01-012007Malta10
2007-01-012007Netherlands3.210
2007-01-012007Norway3.710
2007-01-012007Poland1.710
2007-01-012007Portugal2.410
2007-01-012007Romania1.610
2007-01-012007Sweden8.410
2007-01-012007Slovenia1.510
2007-01-012007Slovakia410
2007-01-012007United Kingdom1.210
2008-01-012008EU-274.110
2008-01-012008Austria9.610
2008-01-012008Belgium0.710
2008-01-012008Bulgaria0.910
2008-01-012008Cyprus1.910
2008-01-012008Czechia2.810
2008-01-012008Germany6.310
2008-01-012008Denmark0.510
2008-01-012008Estonia0.210
2008-01-012008Greece1.110
2008-01-012008Spain2.210
2008-01-012008EU-283.910
2008-01-012008Finland2.910
2008-01-012008France6.210
2008-01-012008Croatia1.110
2008-01-012008Hungary5.210
2008-01-012008Ireland1.310
2008-01-012008Iceland0.110
2008-01-012008Italy2.610
2008-01-012008Lithuania4.310
2008-01-012008Luxembourg2.210
2008-01-012008Latvia1.710
2008-01-012008Malta10
2008-01-012008Netherlands310
2008-01-012008Norway5.310
2008-01-012008Poland4.110
2008-01-012008Portugal2.510
2008-01-012008Romania1.310
2008-01-012008Sweden8.710
2008-01-012008Slovenia1.810
2008-01-012008Slovakia4.310
2008-01-012008United Kingdom2.310
2009-01-012009EU-274.910
2009-01-012009Austria11.210
2009-01-012009Belgium2.210
2009-01-012009Bulgaria1.110
2009-01-012009Cyprus210
2009-01-012009Czechia4.310
2009-01-012009Germany5.910
2009-01-012009Denmark0.710
2009-01-012009Estonia0.410
2009-01-012009Greece1.110
2009-01-012009Spain3.710
2009-01-012009EU-284.610
2009-01-012009Finland4.610
2009-01-012009France6.610
2009-01-012009Croatia1.310
2009-01-012009Hungary5.910
2009-01-012009Ireland210
2009-01-012009Iceland0.110
2009-01-012009Italy410
2009-01-012009Lithuania4.510
2009-01-012009Luxembourg2.210
2009-01-012009Latvia1.910
2009-01-012009Malta10
2009-01-012009Netherlands4.610
2009-01-012009Norway5.510
2009-01-012009Poland5.410
2009-01-012009Portugal3.910
2009-01-012009Romania1.310
2009-01-012009Sweden9.410
2009-01-012009Slovenia2.310
2009-01-012009Slovakia5.410
2009-01-012009United Kingdom2.910
2010-01-012010EU-275.510
2010-01-012010Austria10.710
2010-01-012010Belgium4.810
2010-01-012010Bulgaria1.510
2010-01-012010Cyprus210
2010-01-012010Czechia5.210
2010-01-012010Germany6.410
2010-01-012010Denmark1.210
2010-01-012010Estonia0.410
2010-01-012010Greece1.910
2010-01-012010Spain510
2010-01-012010EU-285.210
2010-01-012010Finland4.410
2010-01-012010France6.610
2010-01-012010Croatia1.110
2010-01-012010Hungary6.210
2010-01-012010Ireland2.510
2010-01-012010Iceland0.210
2010-01-012010Italy4.910
2010-01-012010Lithuania3.810
2010-01-012010Luxembourg2.110
2010-01-012010Latvia410
2010-01-012010Malta10
2010-01-012010Netherlands3.410
2010-01-012010Norway5.410
2010-01-012010Poland6.610
2010-01-012010Portugal5.510
2010-01-012010Romania1.410
2010-01-012010Sweden9.610
2010-01-012010Slovenia3.110
2010-01-012010Slovakia5.310
2010-01-012010United Kingdom3.310
2011-01-012011EU-274.110
2011-01-012011Austria10.110
2011-01-012011Belgium4.810
2011-01-012011Bulgaria0.910
2011-01-012011Cyprus10
2011-01-012011Czechia1.310
2011-01-012011Germany6.510
2011-01-012011Denmark3.610
2011-01-012011Estonia0.410
2011-01-012011Greece0.610
2011-01-012011Spain0.810
2011-01-012011EU-28410
2011-01-012011Finland110
2011-01-012011France110
2011-01-012011Croatia110
2011-01-012011Hungary6.210
2011-01-012011Ireland3.810
2011-01-012011Iceland0.910
2011-01-012011Italy5.110
2011-01-012011Lithuania3.810
2011-01-012011Luxembourg2.410
2011-01-012011Latvia4.110
2011-01-012011Malta210
2011-01-012011Netherlands5.110
2011-01-012011Norway2.810
2011-01-012011Poland6.910
2011-01-012011Portugal0.710
2011-01-012011Romania2.910
2011-01-012011Sweden11.910
2011-01-012011Slovenia2.510
2011-01-012011Slovakia5.710
2011-01-012011United Kingdom3.210
2012-01-012012EU-275.810
2012-01-012012Austria1010
2012-01-012012Belgium4.910
2012-01-012012Bulgaria0.710
2012-01-012012Cyprus10
2012-01-012012Czechia6.210
2012-01-012012Germany7.310
2012-01-012012Denmark6.310
2012-01-012012Estonia0.510
2012-01-012012Greece0.910
2012-01-012012Spain0.910
2012-01-012012EU-285.210
2012-01-012012Finland1.110
2012-01-012012France7.410
2012-01-012012Croatia110
2012-01-012012Hungary610
2012-01-012012Ireland410
2012-01-012012Iceland1.310
2012-01-012012Italy6.210
2012-01-012012Lithuania510
2012-01-012012Luxembourg2.810
2012-01-012012Latvia410
2012-01-012012Malta3.210
2012-01-012012Netherlands5.210
2012-01-012012Norway3.210
2012-01-012012Poland6.510
2012-01-012012Portugal0.810
2012-01-012012Romania510
2012-01-012012Sweden13.810
2012-01-012012Slovenia3.310
2012-01-012012Slovakia5.610
2012-01-012012United Kingdom1.710
2013-01-012013EU-276.110
2013-01-012013Austria9.710
2013-01-012013Belgium5.110
2013-01-012013Bulgaria5.910
2013-01-012013Cyprus1.110
2013-01-012013Czechia6.410
2013-01-012013Germany7.310
2013-01-012013Denmark6.510
2013-01-012013Estonia0.410
2013-01-012013Greece110
2013-01-012013Spain110
2013-01-012013EU-285.510
2013-01-012013Finland10.710
2013-01-012013France7.610
2013-01-012013Croatia2.710
2013-01-012013Hungary6.310
2013-01-012013Ireland4.910
2013-01-012013Iceland2.110
2013-01-012013Italy5.410
2013-01-012013Lithuania4.810
2013-01-012013Luxembourg4.110
2013-01-012013Latvia410
2013-01-012013Malta3.510
2013-01-012013Netherlands5.310
2013-01-012013Norway3.310
2013-01-012013Poland6.710
2013-01-012013Portugal0.910
2013-01-012013Romania5.410
2013-01-012013Sweden15.310
2013-01-012013Slovenia3.810
2013-01-012013Slovakia6.210
2013-01-012013United Kingdom1.810
2014-01-012014EU-276.610
2014-01-012014Austria1110
2014-01-012014Belgium5.810
2014-01-012014Bulgaria5.710
2014-01-012014Cyprus2.710
2014-01-012014Czechia710
2014-01-012014Germany6.910
2014-01-012014Denmark6.610
2014-01-012014Estonia0.410
2014-01-012014Greece1.310
2014-01-012014Spain110
2014-01-012014EU-285.910
2014-01-012014Finland24.510
2014-01-012014France8.210
2014-01-012014Croatia2.710
2014-01-012014Hungary710
2014-01-012014Ireland5.210
2014-01-012014Iceland2.810
2014-01-012014Italy510
2014-01-012014Lithuania4.410
2014-01-012014Luxembourg5.610
2014-01-012014Latvia4.110
2014-01-012014Malta4.710
2014-01-012014Netherlands6.610
2014-01-012014Norway6.410
2014-01-012014Poland6.310
2014-01-012014Portugal3.710
2014-01-012014Romania4.710
2014-01-012014Sweden18.810
2014-01-012014Slovenia2.910
2014-01-012014Slovakia810
2014-01-012014United Kingdom1.910
2015-01-012015EU-276.810
2015-01-012015Austria11.410
2015-01-012015Belgium3.910
2015-01-012015Bulgaria6.510
2015-01-012015Cyprus2.510
2015-01-012015Czechia6.510
2015-01-012015Germany6.610
2015-01-012015Denmark6.410
2015-01-012015Estonia0.410
2015-01-012015Greece1.110
2015-01-012015Spain1.110
2015-01-012015EU-286.510
2015-01-012015Finland24.810
2015-01-012015France8.410
2015-01-012015Croatia2.410
2015-01-012015Hungary7.210
2015-01-012015Ireland5.910
2015-01-012015Iceland6.210
2015-01-012015Italy6.510
2015-01-012015Lithuania4.610
2015-01-012015Luxembourg6.710
2015-01-012015Latvia3.610
2015-01-012015Malta4.710
2015-01-012015Netherlands5.510
2015-01-012015Norway7.810
2015-01-012015Poland5.710
2015-01-012015Portugal7.410
2015-01-012015Romania5.510
2015-01-012015Sweden21.510
2015-01-012015Slovenia2.210
2015-01-012015Slovakia8.610
2015-01-012015United Kingdom4.510
2016-01-012016EU-277.210
2016-01-012016Austria10.610
2016-01-012016Belgium610
2016-01-012016Bulgaria7.210
2016-01-012016Cyprus2.710
2016-01-012016Czechia6.510
2016-01-012016Germany710
2016-01-012016Denmark6.710
2016-01-012016Estonia0.410
2016-01-012016Greece1.610
2016-01-012016Spain5.210
2016-01-012016EU-286.910
2016-01-012016Finland8.910
2016-01-012016France8.410
2016-01-012016Croatia1.210
2016-01-012016Hungary7.810
2016-01-012016Ireland5.210
2016-01-012016Iceland610
2016-01-012016Italy7.410
2016-01-012016Lithuania3.610
2016-01-012016Luxembourg610
2016-01-012016Latvia2.410
2016-01-012016Malta5.310
2016-01-012016Netherlands4.910
2016-01-012016Norway1410
2016-01-012016Poland410
2016-01-012016Portugal7.610
2016-01-012016Romania6.210
2016-01-012016Sweden26.610
2016-01-012016Slovenia1.610
2016-01-012016Slovakia7.810
2016-01-012016United Kingdom510
2017-01-012017EU-277.510
2017-01-012017Austria9.710
2017-01-012017Belgium6.610
2017-01-012017Bulgaria7.310
2017-01-012017Cyprus2.610
2017-01-012017Czechia6.610
2017-01-012017Germany710
2017-01-012017Denmark6.910
2017-01-012017Estonia0.410
2017-01-012017Greece410
2017-01-012017Spain5.810
2017-01-012017EU-287.110
2017-01-012017Finland18.810
2017-01-012017France8.810
2017-01-012017Croatia1.210
2017-01-012017Hungary7.710
2017-01-012017Ireland7.410
2017-01-012017Iceland6.710
2017-01-012017Italy6.510
2017-01-012017Lithuania4.310
2017-01-012017Luxembourg6.510
2017-01-012017Latvia2.310
2017-01-012017Malta6.810
2017-01-012017Netherlands610
2017-01-012017Norway19.910
2017-01-012017Poland4.210
2017-01-012017Portugal7.910
2017-01-012017Romania6.610
2017-01-012017Sweden26.810
2017-01-012017Slovenia2.610
2017-01-012017Slovakia710
2017-01-012017United Kingdom4.810
2018-01-012018Portugal910
2018-01-012018Romania6.310
2018-01-012018Sweden29.710
2018-01-012018Slovenia5.510
2018-01-012018Slovakia710
2018-01-012018United Kingdom6.510
2018-01-012018EU-278.310
2018-01-012018Iceland8.210
2018-01-012018Austria9.910
2018-01-012018Belgium6.710
2018-01-012018Bulgaria8.110
2018-01-012018Cyprus2.710
2018-01-012018Czechia6.610
2018-01-012018Germany7.910
2018-01-012018Denmark6.910
2018-01-012018Estonia3.310
2018-01-012018Greece4.110
2018-01-012018Spain6.910
2018-01-012018EU-288.110
2018-01-012018Finland17.710
2018-01-012018France910
2018-01-012018Croatia2.610
2018-01-012018Hungary7.710
2018-01-012018Ireland7.210
2018-01-012018Italy7.710
2018-01-012018Lithuania4.310
2018-01-012018Luxembourg6.610
2018-01-012018Latvia4.710
2018-01-012018Malta810
2018-01-012018Netherlands9.610
2018-01-012018Norway21.510
2018-01-012018Poland5.710
2019-01-012019Austria9.810
2019-01-012019Belgium6.810
2019-01-012019Bulgaria7.910
2019-01-012019Cyprus3.310
2019-01-012019Czechia7.810
2019-01-012019Germany7.710
2019-01-012019Denmark7.210
2019-01-012019Estonia5.110
2019-01-012019Greece410
2019-01-012019Spain7.610
2019-01-012019EU-278.910
2019-01-012019EU-288.910
2019-01-012019Finland21.310
2019-01-012019France9.210
2019-01-012019Croatia5.910
2019-01-012019Hungary810
2019-01-012019Ireland8.910
2019-01-012019Iceland910
2019-01-012019Italy910
2019-01-012019Lithuania410
2019-01-012019Luxembourg7.710
2019-01-012019Latvia5.110
2019-01-012019Malta8.710
2019-01-012019Netherlands12.510
2019-01-012019Norway27.310
2019-01-012019Poland6.110
2019-01-012019Portugal9.110
2019-01-012019Romania7.810
2019-01-012019Sweden30.310
2019-01-012019Slovenia810
2019-01-012019Slovakia8.310
2019-01-012019United Kingdom8.910

The extent of progress varies among Member States. According to EEA preliminary estimates, only 12 EU countries appear to have achieved the 2020 target of 10% (Sweden, Finland, Netherlands, Austria, Luxembourg, Belgium, Hungary, Portugal, Italy, Malta, Slovenia, and Ireland). Another two were very close (Germany and France). The uncertainty of the preliminary estimates means that the final statistics may reveal a different result in some countries.

Sweden, which has the highest share of energy from renewable sources in transport, has ambitious targets for the transport sector and uses energy and carbon taxes to achieve these targets: a carbon tax on fuels has been in place since 1991 and exemptions and reductions apply for sustainable biofuels.

In Norway, the use of renewable electricity in road transport has increased substantially as a result of policies that encourage electric mobility combined with the country’s essentially renewable electricity supply. However, renewable electricity constituted only around 3% of total energy used in transport in Norway in 2019.

Supporting information

Metadata

References and footnotes