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You are here: Home / Environmental policy document catalogue / EU Adaptation Strategy Package

EU Adaptation Strategy Package

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In April 2013 the European Commission adopted an EU strategy on adaptation to climate change which has been welcomed by the EU Member States. The strategy aims to make Europe more climate-resilient. By taking a coherent approach and providing for improved coordination, it will enhance the preparedness and capacity of all governance levels to respond to the impacts of climate change.

EU Adaptation Strategy Package

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Economic Water Productivity (ECWP) of irrigated crops Economic Water Productivity (ECWP) of irrigated crops Water productivity can be expressed either in physical and economic terms. On this basis, the economic water productivity (i.e. linking resource input to tangible economic outcome) for irrigated crops can be estimated by the use of the following formula: Economic Water Productivity (ECWP) of irrigated crops (€ PPS/m 3 ) Economic Output crop (€ PPS) / Water Use Irrigation crop (m 3 )  Where, Economic Output crop is the production value at producer price in € PPS * (values at current prices) of a specific irrigated crop in a specified area (NUTS 2). The data currently used refer to the year 2010 and are from Eurostat economic accounts for agriculture – regional agricultural statistics. * Purchasing Power Standard (PPS) is an artificial currency used by Eurostat for the common currency in which national accounts aggregates are expressed when adjusted for price level differences using purchasing power parities. Theoretically, one PPS can buy the same amount of goods and services in each country. Water Use Irrigation crop is the total water used (in m3) for the irrigation of the specific crop in the same area and for the same year (currently 2010 from the Eurostat Farm Structure Survey -FSS [1] , [2] ). The analysis is conducted using data from the latest available year (currently 2010), while the spatial scale used is the NUTS 2 level. The ECWP has been calculated for the “main crops” irrigated in Europe, namely: cereals (excluding maize and rice), maize, rice, potatoes, sugar beets, citrus, sunflower, olives and vineyards.  Some of these are of a regional interest (e.g. citrus), while some categories (e.g. olives) contain a large variety and range of products (i.e. table olives vs. olive oil) challenging the analysis. [1] Council Regulation (EEC) No 571/88 of 29 February 1988 on the organization of Community surveys on the structure of agricultural holdings (OJ L 56, 2.3.1988, p. 1) [2] Regulation (EC) No 1166/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 November 2008on farm structure surveys and the survey on agricultural production methods and repealing Council. Regulation (EEC) No 571/88
Global and European temperature Global and European temperature This indicator shows absolute changes and rates of change in average near-surface temperature for the globe and for a region covering Europe. Near-surface air temperature gives one of the clearest and most consistent signals of global and regional climate change, especially in recent decades. It has been measured for many decades or even centuries at some locations and a dense network of stations across the globe, and especially in Europe, provide regular monitoring of temperature, using standardised measurements, quality control and homogeneity procedures. This indicator provides guidance for the following policy-relevant questions:  Will the global average temperature increase stay within the UNFCCC policy target of 2.0°C above pre-industrial levels?  Will the rate of global average temperature increase stay below the indicative proposed target of 0.2°C increase per decade? Global average annual temperature deviations, ‘anomalies’, are discussed relative to a ‘pre-industrial’ period between 1850 and 1899 (beginning of instrumental temperature records).  During this time, anthropogenic greenhouse gases from the industrial revolution (between 1750 and 1850) are considered to have a relatively small influence on climate compared to natural influences. However it should be noted that owing to earlier changes in the climate due to internal and forced natural variability there was not one single pre-industrial climate and it is not clear that there is a rigorous scientific definition of the term ‘pre-industrial climate’. Temperature changes also influence other aspects of the climate system which can impact on human activities, including sea level, intensity and frequency of floods and droughts, biota and food productivity and infectious diseases. In addition to the global average target, seasonal variations and spatial distributions of temperature change are important, for example to understand the risks that current climate poses to human and natural systems and to assess how these may be impacted by future climate change.
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