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Indicator Assessment

Oxygen consuming substances in European rivers

Indicator Assessment
Prod-ID: IND-20-en
  Also known as: CSI 019 , WAT 002
Published 09 Dec 2020 Last modified 09 Dec 2020
17 min read
  • In Europe’s rivers, oxygen consuming substances decreased over the period 1992 to 2018. 
  • On average, biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) fell to 51 % of the 1992 level during this period.
  • Ammonium concentrations decreased even more substantially between 1992 and 2018, falling to 22 % of the 1992 level. However, the decrease has been less pronounced since 2010 and an increase has been observed in recent years.
  • The decrease in BOD and ammonium concentrations is mainly because of a general improvement in waste water treatment throughout Europe. In central and eastern European countries, the economic decline of the 1990s also contributed to a decrease in pollution from manufacturing industries.

Updated with 2018 data and text revised to reflect updated results

Trends in Biochemical Oxygen demand and ammonium in European rivers

Dashboard
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BOD5
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Ammonium
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Table
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Biochemical oxygen demand in European rivers

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Table
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Ammonium in European rivers

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Table