This indicator presents the sectoral trends and projections for GHG emissions under the scope of the EU’s effort sharing legislation and assesses the annual progress of the EU Member States throughout the entire compliance period of the ESD (2013-2020).
This indicator is based on the official GHG inventories submitted by the 27 EU Member States to the EEA, as well as on the projected GHG emissions submitted by the Member States under the Governance Regulation. EU ETS emissions, as reported to the European Commission by operators of industrial installations and aircraft, are also used. When available, approximate estimates of GHG emissions for the year (X - 1) are also presented.
In 2007, EU leaders committed to a 20% reduction in EU GHG emissions by 2020 compared with 1990 GHG emissions. The 2020 climate and energy package, adopted in 2009, sets a two-fold legislative framework to achieve this 20 % GHG emissions reduction objective:
- a 21% reduction in emissions covered under the EU ETS, compared with 2005 levels, to be achieved across the whole EU
- effort to reduce emissions not covered by the EU ETS by about 10% compared with 2005 levels, to be shared by the EU Member States through different annual national GHG reduction targets for the period 2013-2020 under the ESD.
Building on the 2020 climate and energy package, the European Council has adopted the 2030 climate and energy framework, which sets a target of a 40% reduction in GHG emissions compared with 1990 levels, and includes the ESR, the successor of the ESD, for 2021-2030. As part of the European Green Deal and the European Climate Law, the 2030 greenhouse gas emissions reduction target was raised to 55% compared with 1990 levels, based on the balance between GHG emissions and removals.
No uncertainty has been specified.