‘Environmental Protection Expenditure Accounts (EPEA) measure the economic resources devoted to prevention, reduction, and elimination of pollution and any other degradation of the environment. They cover the spending by resident units of a country (i.e. by its households, corporations and government) on environmental protection (EP) services, e.g. pollution abatement (air, water, soil and noise), waste and wastewater management, protection of biodiversity as well as related research and development, education and training activities’ Eurostat 2022.
The scope of EPEA is defined according to the Classification of Environmental Protection Activities and Expenditure (CEPA 2000). CEPA 2000 is a recognised international standard included in the family of international economic and social classifications.
For further information, see Eurostat (2017).
This indicator is directly based on data published by Eurostat and the underpinning methodology can be found in Eurostat (2022). EU-level data are based on Eurostat estimates.
The EUR values were deflated to 2010 prices using the Eurostat GDP deflator.
This indicator is a headline indicator for monitoring progress towards meeting one of the targets of the 8th EAP. It contributes mainly to monitoring progress in relation to aspects of the 8th EAP’s aim to accelerate the green transition (Article 1) and Article 3(u), which requires ‘mobilising resources and ensuring sufficient sustainable investments from public and private sources… consistent with the Union’s sustainable finance policy agenda’ . The European Commission communication on the 8th EAP monitoring framework specifies that this indicator should be used to monitor the ‘increase [in] spending by households, corporations and governments on preventing, reducing and eliminating pollution and other environmental degradation’ .