Overview of taxes on the incineration of municipal waste used in EU Member States, 2023

Figure Created 08 May 2023 Published 14 Jun 2023 Last modified 14 Jun 2023
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On the x-axis the tax levels in EUR per tonne of waste incinerated are given, the dots in the graph represent the incineration tax for the specific Member State (MS). Some Member States use a minimum and maximum tax which is represented by two dots (lower and higher level) connected by a line. Further details are given the the Technical Note accompanying the briefing. EU average is calculated as a simple average of the tax level used by the MS, and for the MS using a minimum and a maximum, both the lower and uper level of the tax are taken into account, resulting in an average lower tax level and an average higher tax level.

European data


Additional information

Belgium: average for Flanders and Wallonia, lower level applies to non-combustible waste, higher level to combustible waste; Denmark: the tax depends on energy content and CO2 emissions per tonne of waste, so the figure represents a typical value for municipal waste; Slovakia: tax ranges from 11 to 33 EUR/tonne depending on the share of separately collected municipal waste in a municipality. Slovenia: tax applies to treatment residues of municipal waste. Poland, Spain: lower level applies to outputs of Mechanical-Biological Treatment plants, higher level to untreated municipal waste. EU average: simple average of all Member States applying landfill taxes. Further details are described in the Technical note accompanying the briefing.


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