Marine protected areas in Europe's regional seas

Figure Created 10 Oct 2018 Published 29 Oct 2018 Last modified 13 Dec 2018
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Marine protected areas (MPAs) are geographically distinct zones for which protection objectives are set. They constitute a globally acknowledged system for safeguarding biodiversity and maintaining marine ecosystem services.

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Marine reserves form a subset of MPAs in which human impacts, such as resources
extraction and fisheries, are not permitted.


Networks of MPAs — collections of MPAs or marine reserves operating together at
various scales and covering a range of protection levels — work towards objectives
individual MPAs cannot achieve.

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