Montenegro country profile - SDGs and the environment

Briefing Published 02 Dec 2020 Last modified 02 Dec 2020
Based on the assessment of the state of national resources in the four-dimensional concept (human, social, natural and economic resources), as well as analysis of key unsustainable trends and the need for sustainable development by 2030, the country adopted a ‘DPSIR’ approach (i.e. driver, pressure, state, impact, response) and identified priority areas and strategic goals to advance SDG action (Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism of Montenegro, 2016).

Montenegro’s priority areas on SDGs with an environmental dimension lie in SDGs 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14 and 15.

In December 2015, the government of Montenegro adopted the National Strategy for Sustainable Development (NSSD) until 2030. The NSSD considered national circumstances and commitments while defining the strategic goals and measures on SDG action and aligning sectoral policies to the SDGs. The Strategy structured the strategic objectives into five priority themes, including preservation of natural capital (SDGs 14, 15); and the introduction of a green economy, governance, and finance for sustainable development (SDGs 7, 8, 9, 12) (Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism of Montenegro, 2016).

By participating in international dialogue on the SDGs and Agenda 2030, Montenegro expressed its full commitment to the priority issues of sustainable development, such as: the introduction of a green economy, strengthening the efficiency of use natural resources (SDGs 2, 3, 6, 7); climate change (SDG 13); conservation of sensitive ecosystems and coastal areas (SDGs 14, 15); and sustainable production and consumption (SDG 12). Priority is also given to creating conditions to achieve progress on key determinants of sustainable development enshrined in the relevant EU policies, primarily the Europe 2020 Strategy and the Roadmap to a Resource Efficient Europe (Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism of Montenegro, 2016).

Montenegro submitted a VNR to the UN in 2016.

In addition to the SDG indicators developed by the UN, Montenegro’s NSSD 2030 includes selected national indicators, indicators of relevant international organisations and cumulative indicators from the programme activities of the UN Development Programme in Montenegro (Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism of Montenegro, 2016


Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism of Montenegro, 2016, Voluntary National Reviews at the HLPF 2016, Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism,  Podgorica, Montenegro, accessed 17 February 2017.


The country assessments are the sole responsibility of the EEA member and cooperating countries supported by the EEA through guidance, translation and editing.


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