Resource efficiency in Europe — Policies and approaches in 31 EEA member and cooperating countries

Publication Created 10 Oct 2011 Published 10 Oct 2011
1 min read
Cover Image
This report provides an overview of resource efficiency policies and instruments in 31 member and cooperating countries of the EEA’s Eionet network. A detailed survey was conducted during the first half of 2011 to collect, analyse and disseminate information about national experiences in developing and implementing resource efficiency policies, with the goal to facilitate the sharing of experiences and good practice. The report reviews national approaches to resource efficiency and explores similarities and differences in policies, strategies, indicators and targets, policy drivers and institutional setup. It concludes with some EEA considerations for development of future policies on resource efficiency at the EU and country levels. The analysis is illustrated with short examples of policy initiatives in the countries, described in more detail in the country profiles published together with the report.
Downloading: PDF document icon 05 2011 Resource efficiency in Europe.pdf — PDF document, 3.52 MB (3686456 bytes)
Publication Created 10 Oct 2011 Published 10 Oct 2011
1 min read
EEA Report No 5/2011
This report provides an overview of resource efficiency policies and instruments in 31 member and cooperating countries of the EEA’s Eionet network. A detailed survey was conducted during the first half of 2011 to collect, analyse and disseminate information about national experiences in developing and implementing resource efficiency policies, with the goal to facilitate the sharing of experiences and good practice. The report reviews national approaches to resource efficiency and explores similarities and differences in policies, strategies, indicators and targets, policy drivers and institutional setup. It concludes with some EEA considerations for development of future policies on resource efficiency at the EU and country levels. The analysis is illustrated with short examples of policy initiatives in the countries, described in more detail in the country profiles published together with the report.

Download

Order information

Order a printed copy on the EU Publications website

: 978-92-9213-225-5
: TH-AL-11-005-EN-C

Additional Files

Related content

Figures used

News and articles

Related briefings

Related indicators

Water intensity of crop production In Europe, between 2005 and 2013, the average water intensity of crop production was around 6  m 3 of water (irrigation plus soil moisture) for one unit of gross value added (GVA*) from all crops. In 2013, around 9 % less water was input to crops to produce the same GVA as in 2005.   In western Europe, between 2005 and 2013, on average 5  m 3 of water (irrigation plus soil moisture) was input to crops to generate one unit of GVA. The water intensity of crop production improved by 5 % over the period. In southern Europe, between 2005 and 2013, on average 6  m 3 of water was input to crops to generate one unit of GVA. The water intensity of crop production improved by 13 % over the period. Crop patterns in southern Europe are, in general, associated with a relatively high GVA per hectare while irrigation is a major part of total water input to crops. In eastern Europe, between 2005 and 2013, on average 7  m 3 of water was input to crops to generate one unit of GVA. The water intensity of crop production improved by 18 % over the peiod. Improvements in water infrastructure and agricultural equipment resulted in reduced water losses and increased harvested yields. Between 2005 and 2013, the average water intensity of crop production was lowest in the Netherlands (0.6 m 3 for one unit of GVA) in western Europe, Malta (2  m 3  for one unit of GVA ) in southern Europe and Slovenia (3  m 3  for one unit of GVA ) in eastern Europe.    * See definition of GVA and its units in Units section of this indicator.

Related publications

See also

Document Actions