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Tables 3 and 4

Page Last modified 16 Nov 2021
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Table 3.Premature deaths attributable to PM2.5, NO2 and O3 exposure in 41 European countries, 2019

 

PM2.5 

NO2 

O3 

Country 

Population (1,000) 

Annual mean (a) 

Premature deaths (b) 

Annual mean (a) 

Premature deaths (b) 

SOMO35 (a) 

Premature deaths (b) 

Austria 

8,859

11.3

5,200

16.4

550

5,802

360

Belgium

11,456

11

6,500

18.5

750

3,337

270

Bulgaria

7,000

18

10,600

18.6

1,120

3,513

290

Croatia 

4,076

14.7

4,200

14.3

170

6,155

240

Cyprus 

1,213

14.7

700

20.9

130

5,645

40

Czechia 

10,650

13.8

8,500

14.2

190

5,400

460

Denmark 

5,806

9.4

2,900

9.1

< 1

3,472

150

Estonia

1,325

5.5

500

7.5

< 1

2,736

30

Finland 

5,518

5

1,500

8.2

< 1

2,292

90

France 

65,041

9.5

29,800

15.2

4,970

4,788

2,050

Germany 

83,019

10.1

53,800

17.5

6,000

4,612

3,350

Greece 

10,725

15.8

10,400

19.2

2,310

7,054

650

Hungary 

9,773

14.5

10,400

16.6

880

4,473

440

Ireland 

4,904

7.7

1,300

10.5

30

2,119

50

Italy 

59,817

14.5

49,900

20

10,640

6,657

3,170

Latvia 

1,920

10.1

1,600

10.4

< 1

2,547

50

Lithuania 

2,794

12.1

2,500

11

< 1

3,220

90

Luxembourg 

614

8.1

200

18.4

20

3,807

10

Malta 

494

12.2

300

11.5

< 1

5,878

20

Netherlands 

17,282

10.7

8,900

19.1

1,000

3,331

380

Poland 

37,973

17.6

39,300

14.2

1,190

4,390

1,370

Portugal 

9,776

8.3

4,900

14.9

540

3,327

270

Romania 

19,414

15.1

21,500

19.5

3,660

3,221

640

Slovakia 

5,450

14.5

4,200

13.5

10

4,778

190

Slovenia 

2,081

13.2

1,400

14.3

40

5,754

90

Spain 

44,789

10.2

23,300

18.6

6,250

5,818

1,820

Sweden 

10,230

5.4

2,800

8

< 1

3,143

220

Albania 

2,862

17.5

4,000

15.2

160

5,727

180

Andorra 

76

10.8

 40

20

< 1

7,535

< 1

Bosnia and Herzegovina 

3,492

21.6

5,900

14.3

140

7,068

280

Iceland 

357

4

50

11.2

< 1

1,620

< 1

Kosovo 

1,796

20.1

2,800

17.5

180

4,378

90

Liechtenstein 

38

8.1

10

16.5

< 1

5,727

< 1

Monaco 

38

12.9

20

24.1

10

6,930

< 1

Montenegro 

622

18.5

900

14.9

10

6,009

40

North Macedonia 

2,077

20.6

3,400

18

120

4,038

90

Norway 

5,328

5.5

1,200

9.8

30

2,696

80

San Marino 

35

13

30

15.8

< 1

5,956

< 1

Serbia 

6,964

20.8

11,400

17.9

660

4,089

320

Switzerland 

8,545

8.7

3,200

16.7

170

5,847

300

United Kingdom

66,671

9.7

 

33,100

18.7

5,750

1,886

880

EU-27

441,998

11.9

307,000

16.7

40,400

4,827

16,800

Total 

540,899

11.8

373,000

16.8

47,700

4,478

19,070

Notes:
The annual mean (in μg/m3) and the SOMO35 (in μg/m3·days), expressed as population-weighted mean concentration, are obtained according to the methodology described by ETC/ATNI (2021a) and references therein and not only from monitoring stations.
EU-27 and Total values are rounded, after addition, to the nearest thousand for population and premature deaths due to PM2.5; to the nearest hundred for NO2; and to the nearest ten for O3.
The national totals are rounded to the nearest hundred or ten for PM2.5; and to the nearest ten for NO2 and O3.

 

Table 4. Years of life lost (YLL) attributable to PM2.5, NO2 and O3 exposure in 41 European countries, 2019

 

PM2.5 

NO2 

O3 

Country 

YLL (a)

YLL/105 inhabitants(b

YLL (a)

YLL/105 inhabitants (b

YLL (a)

YLL/105 inhabitants (b

Austria 

53,700

606

5,700

65

3,900

44

Belgium 

69,300

605

7,900

69

3,000

26

Bulgaria 

112,400

1,606

11,900

170

3,200

46

Croatia 

43,400

1,064

1,700

42

2,600

64

Cyprus 

7,200

595

1,400

119

400

33

Czechia 

95,000

892

2,100

19

5,300

50

Denmark 

30,700

530

10

< 1

1,600

28

Estonia 

5,600

423

< 5

< 1

 400

29

Finland 

15,900

288

< 5

< 1

1,000

18

France 

354,100

544

59,100

91

25,800

40

Germany 

560,800

676

62,500

75

36,200

44

Greece 

107,300

1,001

23,900

223

6,900

64

Hungary 

117,800

1,205

10,000

102

5,200

53

Ireland 

15,800

322

 400

8

 600

13

Italy 

504,500

843

107,600

180

33,200

55

Latvia 

17,700

924

 10

< 1

 600

33

Lithuania 

27,900

998

< 5

< 1

1,100

38

Luxembourg 

2,100

346

300

44

 100

22

Malta 

3,200

641

< 5

< 1

 200

43

Netherlands 

95,200

551

10,700

62

4,300

25

Poland 

490,300

1,291

14,900

39

17,800

47

Portugal 

51,100

523

5 600

57

2,900

30

Romania 

244,800

1,261

41,800

215

7,600

39

Slovakia 

50,900

934

100

2

2,500

45

Slovenia 

15,500

744

400

19

1,000

46

Spain 

251,300

561

67,500

151

20,400

45

Sweden 

26,400

258

< 5

< 1

2,200

21

Albania 

42,500

1,486

1,700

60

2,000

71

Andorra 

 500

617

40

58

 50

62

Bosnia and Herzegovina 

60,800

1,742

1,400

41

2,900

84

Iceland 

 500

147

< 5

< 1

30

8

Kosovo 

29,400

1,640

1,800

103

900

52

Liechtenstein 

 100

258

< 5

< 1

10

26

Monaco 

 300

731

80

214

20

57

Montenegro 

9,700

1,566

140

23

500

74

North Macedonia 

33,900

1,632

1,200

56

1,000

47

Norway 

12,300

232

300

5

900

16

San Marino 

 300

757

< 5

< 1

20

49

Serbia 

117,600

1,689

6,800

98

3,400

49

Switzerland 

34,400

403

1,800

21

3,300

39

United Kingdom 

355,900

534

61,900

93

10,000

15

 

EU-27

3,370,000

762

435,600

99

190,000

43

Total 

4,068000

752

512,800

95

215,100

40

Notes:
Total and EU-27 figures are rounded, after addition, to the nearest thousand for PM2.5; and to the nearest hundred for NO2 and O3. National data are rounded to the nearest hundred for PM2.5; and to the nearest hundred or ten for NO2 and O3.
Values per 100,000 inhabitants are not rounded.

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