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Indicator Specification

Primary and final energy consumption in Europe

Indicator Specification
  Indicator codes: ENER 016
Published 09 Sep 2021 Last modified 09 Sep 2021
10 min read
This indicator shows final and primary energy consumption for the 27 Member States of the EU from 2005 to 2019, and their distance to target. Underlying disaggregated data on sectoral and fuel compositions were used in the assessment discussion. In simplified terms, FEC represents the energy used by final consumers for all energy uses. It is the energy that reaches the final consumer’s door. PEC represents the total energy demand within a country, excluding the energy products consumed for purposes other than producing useful energy (non-energy uses, e.g. oil for plastics). For example, the electricity consumed by a household counts towards FEC; the fuel burned to generate that electricity counts towards PEC.

Assessment versions

Published (reviewed and quality assured)
 

Rationale

Justification for indicator selection

Rationale for this indicator has not ben identified

Scientific references

  • No rationale references available

Indicator definition

This indicator shows final and primary energy consumption for the 27 Member States of the EU from 2005 to 2019, and their distance to target. Underlying disaggregated data on sectoral and fuel compositions were used in the assessment discussion.

In simplified terms, FEC represents the energy used by final consumers for all energy uses. It is the energy that reaches the final consumer’s door. PEC represents the total energy demand within a country, excluding the energy products consumed for purposes other than producing useful energy (non-energy uses, e.g. oil for plastics). For example, the electricity consumed by a household counts towards FEC; the fuel burned to generate that electricity counts towards PEC.

Units

Million tonnes of oil equivalent (Mtoe)

 

Policy context and targets

Context description

Directive 2012/27/EU established a set of binding measures to help the EU reach its target of decreasing energy consumption by 20% by 2020, compared with projected levels. This was amended by Directive (EU) 2018/2002, which provides a policy framework for 2030 and beyond. This regulatory framework includes an energy efficiency target for the EU for 2030 of a 32.5% reduction in energy consumption compared with projected levels, which is being revised.

The amending of the directive was part of the comprehensive clean energy for all Europeans package, which aims to facilitate the transition away from fossil fuels towards cleaner energy and to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

The composition of the energy mix and the level of consumption provide an indication of the environmental pressures associated with energy consumption. The type and magnitude of the environmental impacts associated with energy consumption, such as resource depletion, greenhouse gas emissions, air pollutant emissions, water pollution and the accumulation of radioactive waste, strongly depend on the types and amounts of fuels consumed, as well as on the abatement technologies applied.

Targets

No targets has been defined for this indicator

Related policy documents

No related policy documents have been specified

Key policy question

Primary and final energy consumption in Europe, aggregated level assessment

Specific policy question

Primary and final energy consumption in Europe, disaggregate level assessment

 

Methodology

Methodology for indicator calculation

To ensure comparability with energy efficiency targets, this indicator follows the Eurostat methodology for final energy consumption (Europe 2020-2030) [FEC2020-2030] and primary energy consumption (Europe 2020-2030) [PEC2020-2030].

Primary energy consumption (Europe 2020-2030) = gross inland consumption (all products total) - gross inland consumption (ambient heat (heat pumps)) - final non-energy consumption (all products total)

Final energy consumption (Europe 2020-2030) = final energy consumption (all products total) - final energy consumption (ambient heat (heat pumps)) + international aviation (all products total) + transformation input blast furnaces (all products total) - transformation output blast furnaces (all products total) + energy sector blast furnaces (solid fossil fuels) + energy sector blast furnaces (manufactured gases) + energy sector blast furnaces (peat and peat products) + energy sector blast furnaces (oil shale and oil sands) + energy sector blast furnaces (oil and petroleum products) + energy sector blast furnaces (Natural gas).

Data set used: 'Complete energy balances nrg_bal_c'

Codes:

      • FEC2020-2030 Final energy consumption (Europe 2020-2030)/all products
      • PEC2020-2030 Primary energy consumption (Europe 2020-2030)/all products
      • GIC Gross inland consumption/all products
      • NRG_BF_E Energy sector — blast furnaces — energy use/all products
      • FC_NE Final non-energy consumption/all products
      • FC_TRA_E Final consumption — transport sector — energy use/renewables and biofuels
      • FC_E Final consumption — energy use/ambient heat
      • PPRD Primary production/ambient heat

Details about this methodology are available from Eurostat at: ENERGY BALANCE GUIDE (Draft 31 January 2019) 

The time series for the EU-27 was made by summing the values for each year of the 27 countries that are currently Member States, regardless of whether they were members of the EU in any given year.

Methodology for gap filling

Data gap filling is not necessary 

Methodology references

No methodology references available.

 

Data specifications

EEA data references

  • No datasets have been specified here.

External data references

Data sources in latest figures

 

Uncertainties

Methodology uncertainty

No uncertainty has been specified

Data sets uncertainty

No uncertainty has been specified

Rationale uncertainty

No uncertainty has been specified

Further work

Short term work

Work specified here requires to be completed within 1 year from now.

Long term work

Work specified here will require more than 1 year (from now) to be completed.

General metadata

Responsibility and ownership

EEA Contact Info

Javier Esparrago llorca

Ownership

European Environment Agency (EEA)

Identification

Indicator code
ENER 016
Specification
Version id: 8
Primary theme: Energy Energy

Classification

DPSIR: N/A
Typology: Efficiency indicator (Type C - Are we improving?)
Filed under: energy consumption
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