External costs of transport

Indicator Fact Sheet
Prod-ID: IND-175-en
Also known as: TERM 025
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This page was archived on 08 May 2015 with reason: No more updates will be done

Assessment made on  01 Aug 2005

Generic metadata



DPSIR: Impact


Indicator codes
  • TERM 025

Policy issue:  Estimate and reduce the external costs of transport


Key assessment

External costs are difficult to estimate and there is currently no unique, commonly accepted methodology for estimating external costs. Results of international studies vary widely due to differences in statistics and normative choices underlying results, see CE, 2003. External cost estimates range from 4 (ECMT, 1998b) to 7% (Infras, 2004) of GDP for the EU-15 countries in 2000 to 14% of GDP for Central and Eastern Europe in 1995 (OECD, 2003).

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