External costs of transport

Indicator Fact Sheet
Prod-ID: IND-175-en
Also known as: TERM 025
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This page was archived on 08 May 2015 with reason: No more updates will be done

Assessment made on  01 Jan 2001

Generic metadata



DPSIR: Impact


Indicator codes
  • TERM 025

Policy issue:  Reduction of external costs of transport


Key assessment

The external costs of transport in the EU amount to around 8 % of GDP. Motorised road transport - which takes the highest share in both freight and passenger trips - accounts for more than 90 % of these costs. Accidents, noise, air pollution and climate change are the most important external costs.

Passenger transport is estimated to be responsible for 65 % of total external costs. The average external costs (per passenger-km) of cars are the highest, then aircraft, bus and train. For freight, water and rail transport have the lowest external costs per tonne-km, with air transport and trucking 10 and 5 times, respectively, more than rail.

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