External costs of transport

Indicator Fact Sheet
Prod-ID: IND-175-en
Also known as: TERM 025
This is an old version, kept for reference only.

Go to latest version
Topics: ,
This page was archived on 08 May 2015 with reason: No more updates will be done

Assessment made on  01 Jan 2001

Generic metadata



DPSIR: Impact


Indicator codes
  • TERM 025

Policy issue:  Reduction of external costs of transport


Key assessment

The external costs of transport in the EU amount to around 8 % of GDP. Motorised road transport - which takes the highest share in both freight and passenger trips - accounts for more than 90 % of these costs. Accidents, noise, air pollution and climate change are the most important external costs.

Passenger transport is estimated to be responsible for 65 % of total external costs. The average external costs (per passenger-km) of cars are the highest, then aircraft, bus and train. For freight, water and rail transport have the lowest external costs per tonne-km, with air transport and trucking 10 and 5 times, respectively, more than rail.

Document Actions
Help us build a better climate and energy portal

We are looking at ways to keep you informed about the most important data and developments on climate and energy in the EU.

Click to take the survey!

Sign up to receive our reports (print and/or electronic) and quarterly e-newsletter.
Follow us
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100