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Aquaculture production in Europe

Indicator Assessment
Prod-ID: IND-25-en
Also known as: MAR 008
Created 05 Dec 2019 Last modified 19 Dec 2019
14 min read

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Marine aquaculture production has been increasing in Europe (EEA-39 countries) since the early 1990s , mostly because of salmon production in Norway, the main producer.   Over the same period, inland aquaculture in Europe has remained stable. The main producer is Turkey, indicating that much of Europe's aquaculture production takes place outside the EU-28 countries(Figure 3). In 2017, the most cultivated species in Europe (EEA-39) was theAtlantic salmon, while in the EU-28 blue mussels were dominant. Other important species include rainbow trout, European sea bass, gilthead sea bream, oysters, and carps, barbels and other cyprinids. The countries that contribute the most to European production (EEA-39) are Norway (approximately 46 % of total European production), followed by Spain, Turkey, the United Kingdom, France, Italy and Greece (Figure 6). These seven countries account for 90 % of all aquaculture production in Europe. Norway’s production is nearly all from Atlantic salmon farming. Turkish production consists mainly of trout (inland), sea bream and sea bass (marine).

Key messages

  • Marine aquaculture production has been increasing in Europe (EEA-39 countries) since the early 1990s, mostly because of salmon production in Norway, the main producer.  
  • Over the same period, inland aquaculture in Europe has remained stable. The main producer is Turkey, indicating that much of Europe's aquaculture production takes place outside the EU-28 countries(Figure 3).
  • In 2017, the most cultivated species in Europe (EEA-39) was theAtlantic salmon, while in the EU-28 blue mussels were dominant. Other important species include rainbow trout, European sea bass, gilthead sea bream, oysters, and carps, barbels and other cyprinids.
  • The countries that contribute the most to European production (EEA-39) are Norway (approximately 46 % of total European production), followed by Spain, Turkey, the United Kingdom, France, Italy and Greece (Figure 6). These seven countries account for 90 % of all aquaculture production in Europe. Norway’s production is nearly all from Atlantic salmon farming. Turkish production consists mainly of trout (inland), sea bream and sea bass (marine).

Is aquaculture production in Europe increasing?

Global annual aquaculture production by continent

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Relative importance of aquaculture production type by continent

2017
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Annual aquaculture production by source

EEA39
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EU28
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Total aquaculture production of finfish, shellfish and aquatic plants

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Annual aquaculture production of main species produced

Marine waters - EEA39