Total external costs and transport subsidies found for EU-15

Figure Created 12 Nov 2009 Published 12 Nov 2009 Last modified 29 Nov 2012
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The numbers for subsidies comprise on-budget subsidies, annual public funding of infrastructure and exemptions from or reductions to fuel tax and VAT



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The numbers for external costs includes costs of accidents, noise, air pollution, climate change, nature and landscape, up- and downstream processes and additional urban costs.

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