Total energy Research and Development expenditure, EU-15 Member States and EU level funding

Figure Created 12 Nov 2009 Published 12 Nov 2009 Last modified 29 Nov 2012
MS means Member States



Additional information

EU level funding is from the R&D European Community Framework programmes. Framework programme expenditure has been estimated as an annual average over the duration of the programme. Non-nuclear research includes renewable energy, energy conservation, fossil fuel production, power production and storage technologies and cross-cutting research.

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