Total energy Research and Development expenditure, EU-15 Member States and EU level funding

Figure Created 05 Jul 2010 Published 05 Jul 2010 Last modified 29 Nov 2012
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Figures are in 2006 constant prices. MS means Member States. Framework programme expenditure has been estimated as an annual average over the duration of the programme (2002-2006). Non-nuclear research includes renewable energy, energy conservation, fossil fuel production, power production and storage technologies and cross-cutting research. Where 2005 MS data is not available the most recent figures available have been assumed: Czech Republic, Netherlands = 2003, Greece = 2002, Luxembourg = 2000, Belgium = 1999.

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