Total energy Research and Development expenditure, EU-15 Member States and EU level funding

Figure Created 05 Jul 2010 Published 05 Jul 2010 Last modified 29 Nov 2012



Additional information

MS means Member States. EU level funding is from the R&D; European Community Framework programmes. Framework programme expenditure has been estimated as an annual average over the duration of the programme. Non-nuclear research includes renewable energy, energy conservation, fossil fuel production, power production and storage technologies and cross-cutting research.

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